Access control is crucial when dealing with protection of transportation infrastructure because it allows for a dynamic flow of individuals who do and do not have the authorization to access certain information in particular areas. It essentially weeds out the white noise and possible distractions that could be present in an environment that lacks access control. At the local level, communities can only allow individuals who make security decisions to access the particular areas when they need to. This could be done by a simple roster with people’s names on it that are allowed in certain transportation areas. The state level can pass legislation to make it mandatory to have a document or system to track personnel when it comes to access control. The federal government could monitor the state levels and assess how well they are utilizing their particular access controls within their individual states. These actions will protect/improve transportation because during an emergency, whether it be a natural disaster or territories events because it will allow the authorized individuals who need to get to particular areas to help mitigate or elevate the pressures within that emergency.
The concept of agency integration is an action that is not specific to transportation protection, but all homeland security protection. If intelligence agencies and local law enforcement share information and operational strategies, they will be able to cover more ground and ensure transportation is safe. The local level can hold meetings within multiple law enforcement agencies and share information that pertains to trends, threats, and procedures to help protect transportation infrastructure against hostile acts or natural disasters. The state levels can introduce task forces that specifically specialize in transportation security and have the task force made up of intelligence community (IC) officials as well as law enforcement officers. The federal level can make it mandatory for the IC to share their information with officials so policies and laws can be passed to ensure that agency integration and information is being properly and efficiently shared with the organizations that require such information. If this action takes place, the large amount of information that will get shared will effectively go to solving the problem of protecting transportation infrastructure.
The last action that should be utilized in order to properly protect transportation security is accountability. It may seem elementary, but it is nonetheless just as important as the other actions identified in this post. If the proper individuals and organizations are held accountable for their policies and actions, they are more likely to implement and see their thoughts and ideas through until the end. At the local level, accountability can be utilized to test which ideas worked and did not work when it came to the protection of transportation security. The state level can acquire outside representatives to audit or observe any aspect of transportation security that may be overlooked during the planning or execution process. Lastly, the federal government can use accountability to get the most out of protecting transportation security. What this essentially means, is that if accountability is used to hold employees and individuals to a standard, it provides the government a baseline of acceptable production versus unacceptable production. This action of accountability will be beneficial for transportation security during normal conditions, natural disasters, and terrorist events because it effectively gives transportation infrastructure more set of eyes that can analyze and evaluate any problems or concerns that might arise. It also holds employees and officials to a standard to do the best work that they are able and in turn, could increase productivity.