Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety is a normal childhood phase, and every kid goes through different stages. The difference between a disorder and a phase is that a stage is usually harmless and temporary whereas a disorder interferes with the normal body and social functions such as nervousness and shyness to mention a few (Niditch, 2014). These disorders encompass a set of mental illnesses including social and generalized anxiety and specific phobias. Various researchers have been conducted concerning these illnesses over time. Various theoretical and evidence-based approaches have sought to explain and look into their symptoms, causes, occurrence patterns and frequencies and possible control and treatment strategies (Creswell, Waite & Cooper, 2014). Anxiety disorders tend to become chronic and affect individuals in school, at home and other social settings. They usually render an individual uncomfortable and distressed to such as the point that they start avoiding activities and people.

Childhood Anxiety Disorders

Creswell, C., Waite, P., & Cooper, P. J. (2014). Assessment and management of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Archives of disease in childhood, archdischild-2013.

The authors address concerns in assessment, management, and treatment of the various anxiety disorders using interventions in pharmacology.  The prevalence percentage in children and adolescents is quite high. Moreover, these disorders are coupled with other behavioral ailments. Support for these claims is comprehensively documented in the study using various approaches. The authors also state that prevalence of such disorders among children and adolescents is due to depression and other adverse cases of mental health. The article is quite comprehensive in addressing the issue of anxiety disorder in a broader perspective and including other elements which are useful for further research.

Field, A. P., Cartwright-Hatton, S., Reynolds, S., & Creswell, C. (2008). Future directions for child anxiety theory and treatment. Cognition and Emotion, 22(3), 385-394.

This article seeks to observe the trajectory of the disorder in both adolescents and children. The study uses this information to recognize variables that casually impact its growth. The authors look into the developmental course and causes of anxiety disorders in children and the relationship between its development and the role of the parent. The study is of significance to the topic as it addresses the issue in a diverse manner. Looking into the development of the disorder is a stepping stone in understanding the disorder in children, adolescents, and adults.

 

James, A. C., James, G., Cowdrey, F. A., Soler, A., & Choke, A. (2015). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. The Cochrane library.

The article examines the approach of mental therapy in the treatment and management of adolescent and childhood anxiety illnesses. The main ideas expressed include how treatments can be used for young people and children with anxiety and how to help them from developing mental health challenges later in life. The study was conducted based on behavioral therapy techniques that would help people deal with the disorder using new means of thinking. The authors’ research focuses on how it will assist in handling such cases in the future.

Niditch, L. A. (2014). Temperament, parenting, and the development of anxiety in early childhood (Doctoral dissertation, Tulane University School of Science and Engineering).

The author’s purpose is to show the relationship between different aspects such as temperament and parenting and how they affect the development of childhood anxiety. In this article Niditch, looks at the confluence of early environmental and genetic factors contributing to anxiety disorders. The author provides a strong theoretical-backed methodology to come up with results. The limitation of the study is because it has a greater scope and some of the information may not be useful in this paper.

Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 44(1), 134-151.

The article seeks to define the various theories leading to anxiety development. The authors tend to suggest that anxiety manifest as a result of external factors. The paper reviews previous research which tends to explain the relationship between childhood anxiety and parenting giving it a strong theoretical support. Moreover, it is evident that parenting is a core factor influencing the anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Concerning the topic at hand, the study is quite helpful as it provides some evidence on the role of parenting in the development of the disorder.

References

Creswell, C., Waite, P., & Cooper, P. J. (2014). Assessment and management of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Archives of disease in childhood, archdischild-2013.

Field, A. P., Cartwright-Hatton, S., Reynolds, S., & Creswell, C. (2008). Future directions for child anxiety theory and treatment. Cognition and Emotion, 22(3), 385-394.

James, A. C., James, G., Cowdrey, F. A., Soler, A., & Choke, A. (2015). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. The Cochrane library.

Niditch, L. A. (2014). Temperament, parenting, and the development of anxiety in early childhood (Doctoral dissertation, Tulane University School of Science and Engineering).

Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W. C., & Chu, B. C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 44(1), 134-151.

 

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