Behavioral science and health care

Behavioral science and health care

There is a high dissatisfaction with the health care system. According to research conducted, more than 50% of the public, physicians, employees and health care managers said that the health care system requires rapid changes (Adler & Newman, 2002). The research also indicated that the dissatisfaction would increase over the past few years to come as a result of concern about prescription drug prices, out pocket cost and an increase in the number of uninsured Americans.

The high cost of health care has a significant influence on the American society. It has led to increasing the tax rates that are implemented in the society. If the public health care is financed by the government, it means that the marginal tax rates for the high-income earners have to be increased to meet the expenditure. An increased rate of health care expenditure would also lead to a decline in GDP. It has also led to a decrease in the standards of living since a high percentage of per capital earning would be devoted to the health care system hence resulting in a decrease in some wages held by the employer and also a decrease in the employees’ coverage.

The best way of addressing the issue of increased health care would be making a fixed dollar contribution to lower employees’ health care cost (Adler & Newman, 2002). Another measure would be increasing competition among HMOs which would help in lowering consumer price.

Jack, R., Albert, M. S., Knopman, S., McKhann, M., Sperling, A., Carrillo, C., & Phelps, H. (2011). Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer’s Association workgroups on diagnostic guidelines. Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

Aging population in the US leads to increased demand in health care system. There is a decrease in the number of health care workers as they retire due to old age. At the same time, old age individuals lead to a high consumption of American health care services hence, leading to an increase in the demand for health services (Jack et al., 2011). It also leads to an increase in the demand to the nature of the services and skills that will be needed to properly equip and provide the setting needed.

The government and health care industry should provide adequate information to individuals on ways to provide long term care for themselves without having to depend on government or health care industry programs. The government should also create policies that change the long-term care for the elderly population (Jack et al., 2011). An example is programs that look in proper ways that support funding and proper operational grants. The government should also ensure that different organizations that are set to support the elderly are properly working and well managed.

Morain, S., & Greene, M. F. (2013). A new era in noninvasive prenatal testing. The New England journal of medicine.

It is a process that provides information to parents whether their fetus has any genetic disorder. An advantage of undergoing genetic screening is that parents obtain information about possible chromosomal abnormalities in their fetus.

During the pre-conception genetic screening, the test can be done to test whether the mother or the father can be carrying genes that can result in genetic disorder and that be hereditary (Morain & Greene, 2013). Genetic counselors are trained practitioners how can give the advice on the risk that is expected results and interpret the risk of inherited genetic disorder.

Walker, R. (2008). The costs of child poverty for individuals and society.

Child poverty has serious effects on individuals and the wider society. This includes losses to the economy that are experienced through a decrease in productivity, low education attainment and poor health. Increasing growth of child poverty has also indicated an increase in financial cost to the consequences (Walker, 2008). On behavioral matters, child poverty can lead to inhibiting and antisocial behaviors like smoking crime suicide and substance misuse.

Another issue that is highly experienced in hardship in family and personal relationship. This includes hardship in the future relationship and family formation, family and social isolation. They can also experience hardship in attaining assets and materials (Walker, 2008). At their early age, children experience stigma, shame, low esteem and lack of autonomy.

References

Adler, E., & Newman, K. (2002). Socio-economic disparities in healthcare facilities: pathways and policies. Health affairs.

Jack, R., Albert, M. S., Knopman, S., McKhann, M., Sperling, A., Carrillo, C., & Phelps, H. (2011). Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer’s Association workgroups on diagnostic guidelines. Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

Morain, S., & Greene, M. F. (2013). A new era in noninvasive prenatal testing. The New England journal of medicine.

Walker, R. (2008). The costs of child poverty for individuals and society.

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