Deep Vein Thrombosis(DVT)

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Introduction

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where blood clot form in a vein deep in the body. Blood coagulation occurs when blood thickens and clump together to form a gel-like mass. DVT mostly attack the leg. When this occur, the patient needs to seek immediate medication. Also known as thromboembolism.

Risk factors

DVT commonly occur in old people, that is, it affects people who are 50 years old and above. This condition is raised by certain factors. They include; firstly, presence of an injury that damage one’s veins. For example, if one is cut, the veins are injured thus blood clot is formed in an attempt of preventing excessive blood loss hence prevent efficient flow of the blood in veins. Secondly, overweight which puts excess pressure on the veins of the legs and the pelvis. This causes muscle fatigue hence blood clot in the veins. Additionally, taking contraceptive pills or undergoing hormone therapy increases risks of getting DVT. Although the birth control pills are necessary, other measures are preferred instead. According to, he argues that heavy smoking also increases chances of getting deep vein thrombosis.

According to Sirlak, Bahadir, Cetintas, & Ozcinar (2012), certain disorders and diseases also increase risks of having deep vein thrombosis. Among these disorders are; cancer and inflammatory bowel disease, heart failure, this condition make it difficult for the heart to pump blood thus increasing risks of blood clotting. Moreover, deep vein thrombosis is a major risk which is associated with surgery. This is mostly common if the surgery has to be performed lower extremities. Furthermore, pregnant women have high risks of getting DVT. This is because, during pregnancy, there is increased hormone level and blood flows slowly as the uterus expands and limit blood from flowing back to lower extremities.

Symptoms of DVT.

According to Robert-Ebadi & Righini (2017), the symptoms of DTV prevail only in half of the people who suffer from this condition. The common symptoms include; swelling of foot or leg, severe pain of muscles around foot and ankle, the skin over the infected part turns pale, reddish or bluish color. Also, there is cramping pain in the affected leg. Lastly, the area of the skin in the affected area feels warmer than the skin on other areas. In some cases where the symptoms do not occur, people may not find out whether they are affected by DVT until they go through emergency treatment.

Complications associated with DVT

Pulmonary embolism is the major complication associated with DVT. Pulmonary embolism is a complication where an artery in the lungs is blocked. This usually happens if blood clot moves to the lungs and block the blood vessel. Other complications include; chronic venous insufficiency and post-thrombotic syndrome

Tests to rule out DVT

The common used to diagnose DVT is ultrasound. It uses sound waves to generate pictures of blood flowing through the arteries and veins in the affected leg. Also, Venography test is used to measure the substance in the blood that is released when the blood clot is dissolved. Other tests include CT scanning and magnetic resonance imaging.

Conclusively, DVT is emergency condition and one should seek medication if any signs or symptoms appear.

References

Robert-Ebadi, H., & Righini, M. (2017). Management of distal deep vein thrombosis. Thrombosis Research, 149, 48-55. doi:10.1016/j.thromres.2016.11.009

Sirlak, M., Bahadir, M., Cetintas, D., & Ozcinar, E. (2012). Risk Factors of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Deep Vein Thrombosis. doi:10.5772/32058

 

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