Dementia is a disease that affects brain function. The disease can affect both long term and short term brain functioning, to the point that an individual is unable to remember most of the basic things in a human life. For example, an individual affected by the disease could develop language issues as well as ineffectiveness in communication because of the forgetting condition of some words in the communication problem. Additionally, a victim of the disease could be unable to balance their body while working and a patient suffering from the condition could develop fear and restlessness.
Dementia disease affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. The disease later affects the thinking capacity of the patient regarding remembering as well as some mind possesses as required of a normal human. The disease developed in various forms depending on the courses, or the patient. The following are the Dementia disease forms (Help End Alzheimer’s, 2017,).
Alzheimer’s disease: this type of dementia is regarded as the most popular which affects old aged people. It involves forgetting and other memory problems.
Vascular dementia; it is also known as post-stroke dementia, which is commonly developed by bold issues such as bleeding in the head although the condition is treatable.
Mixed dementia; is a disease that involves more than two symptoms of dementia for example lack of clear vision and forgetfulness.
Parkinson’s disease; it is an extended dementia problem. This is because its condition has a lot of impacts as well side effects based on the intensity that the situation develops to its patients. According to doctors, the disease affects the substantia nigra part of the brain.
Frontotemporal dementia; the disease commonly affects the behaviors of the patients through mood swing as well as the language problem.
According to Murphy, Jordan, F., Hunter, Cooney, and Casey (2015) other types such as the normal pressure hydrocephalus, Huntington’s disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and also Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, develop as a result of dementia, but they are not so common, with regards to hospital statistics.
Causes of Dementia Brain Disease
The most common causes of the disease are that the patient could be suffering from increased brain cell death. The cause is more popular with the old since the death of the brain cell is also caused by the aging process in human beings. However, if the death rate of the cells is too high then, normal the individual is probably suffering from dementia.
According to Pillai, and Verghese (2009) brain injuries caused by head injuries also contribute to dementia, the disease is most common from sportswomen and men because of the constant head collisions or impacts with one another. As a result, the collisions develop over time to cause severe brain damages, and as a result, the patient is diagnosed with dementia. The condition is commonly known as post-traumatic dementia
HIV is another cause of the disease and this is because of the health condition contributes a lot to the brain cell damage at a very high rate. On the other hand, dementia could be triggered by, Prion diseases, for example, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Additionally, if a patient lacks some of the vitamins, nutrients, as well as other elements that contribute to a healthy brain function, could develop dementia. However, if a patient is suffering from deficiency problem that causes dementia, their health problem is reversible.
Depression is the other factor that causes dementia. This is because when a patient is under depression for a long time, the brain is known to exercise a lot constantly. As a result of the prolonged working capacity, the brain cells start to wear out, mostly because there is no resting time, as well as the development of new cells which is very low compared to the wariness of the current brain cells. This means that the patient is likely to suffer from dementia in the long run.
If a patient excessively consumes alcohol, the brain thinking capacity is reduced and if the routine continues the alcohol content in the body is likely to develop dementia disease problem to the individual.
Symptoms of the Disease
Dementia symptoms are some of the slowest symptoms in the medical world, with regards to how they develop. The following are the some of the symptoms of the health condition.
Short-term memory loss; the situation develops when the patient starts asking the same question repeatedly or just forgetting why they intended to say or do. For example as student suffering from dementia can easily forget where they kept their pen minutes after using it.
Communication problem; this is developed when the patient continually uses words in the communication process wrongly. Additionally, the patient can develop forgetting issues such as simple words when communicating. For example, an individual suffering from dementia can easily forget the name of a place they were yesterday when narrating the events of the previous day to someone else.
Disorientation; this is a problem when the patient visualizes familiar places or events as very new to them. For example, the patient is likely to get lost in a street that they have been using for their entire life, and to them, it may look very different to the point that they cannot trace their way out.
Issues with abstract thinking; the symptom is evident when a patient is unable to comprehend basic calculations or methods. For example, if the patient is provided with a specific amount of cash and asked to calculate the amount, yet they are unable to answer the correct amount even after calculating it several times. The same situation can be observed when the victim is unable to solve simple problems in mathematics or even come up with a definite answer of how to solve a problem that they face in their day to day activities.
Increased variance in mood change; an individual suffering from dementia is likely to have abnormal mood changes in a very short span of time. For example, the person could be happy and jovial in the morning, but by mid-day, they are very stressed out for no particular reason. Additionally, the patient could be unable to control their anger if provoked. This happens when the individual is provoked at the very smallest way, yet their anger is excessively inverse as compared to the provocation done by the other person. This means that the dementia symptoms of its patient could also be very violent.
Low level of focuses and attention; the patient’s ability to focus for long diminishes increasingly. For example, an individual who used and loved watching moves is unable to complete one episode. Additionally, the attention ability becomes very delusions in that if they are waiting for the same movie the patient keeps asking who that is, Why did they do that? Meaning that they are unable to keep track of events no matter how hard they try.
Visual and perception problems; the people living with dementia are more likely to lose their perception ability over time as well as they are unable to visualize things effectively. For example, a patient who has the mental disease is likely to have difficulties in reading there letter bills or even their phones with regards to messages or other commands of the phone. The situation keeps on progressing to the point that an individual who did not have eye problem starts wearing glasses to increase their visual ability.
Diagnosis of Dementia
Over time there is no specific test or procedure to test a patient if they have dementia, as done with other health problems. However, doctors use the patients’ medical history as well as the current medical or health changes that the patient is experiencing. After the explanations are done, the doctor is bound to take a Cognitive dementia tests.
The cognitive dementia tests, involves, evaluating the patients thinking ability, its speed, as well as the memory levels of the patients, after which the answers to the questions are to help develop a precise conclusion of the patient’s health condition. Questions as what is your age? What is your birthplace? Where are we now for example State Street or town? Through such questions, if the test does not show any memory loss, a standard investigation is later recommended, which includes brain scan as well as frequent blood tests.
The medical tests are done to make sure that the patient is suffering from dementia or else or rule out the possibility of such a case. Additionally, the test is meant to develop any curable causes of memory loss and aid in decreasing any potential causes, for instance, the Alzheimer’s disease.
On the other hand, the brain state check-up that measures the patient’s ability towards, co-ordination of pace and time, communication and language capabilities, their focusing and attention in the calculation as well as other visuals partial skills. Conclusively the practice is best performed by either neurologist or neuropsychologist.
Dementia Treatment and Care
Dementia is one of the hardest treasurable health conditions because reversing the dead brain cells is not possible yet the main disease problem is increasing the death rate of the brain cell. However, the condition can be controlled by lowering the effect of the causes as well as how frequent the patient is disposed to the causes of the disease. For example, dementia caused by alcohol consumption, depression as well as the spots men involved in a lot of head impacts that generate brain damage can be controlled. This is achieved through minimising alcohol consumption or avoiding it completely, depression can also be avoided by keeping the mind engaged with other brain involving activates.
On the other hand, medication can be used to reduce the further damage of the disease. This is meant to lower the death rate of the brain cells. This is achieved through drug intake such as donepezil, alantamine, rivastigmine, tacrine. The drugs are commonly known as the cholinesterase inhibitors, mostly approved for use in the United States.
Moreover, a patient is advised to try and control the disease through home treatment such as. Eating health food diet, for example, a lot of vegetables to increase the number of vitamins in the body constantly excises as well as body therapy, and also, keeping the mind active, for example having a follow up on your home bills instead of watching television.
Health Risks that contribute to Dementia
Based on the fact that some certain risks contribute to dementia taking preventative measures to avoid the health problem is possible. However old age is one of the biggest to contributors to the health condition cannot be prevented. But on the other hand, the following issues and risk ought to be considered in a precise manner to be safe and healthy from dementia (Dementia | Signs, Symptoms, and Diagnosis. 2017).
- Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol
- Atherosclerosis also referred to as cardiovascular illness triggering the blood vessel to contract
- Increased levels of fat or lipoprotein at low density
- Excessive amounts of homocysteine in the blood a specific type of amino acid
Wimo, Jönsson, Bond, Prince, Winblad, and International (2013) explain that for one to keep their mind active and healthy in regards to the brain problems developed by dementia. One of the simple steps to take is keeping the mind active through frequent reading, memory games as well as other participative activities like playing or solving puzzles. On the other hand, having to exercise for over 150 mutes per week is one of the contributing factors to improved health. Additionally encompassing other healthy lifestyle living standards such as eating a balanced diet, stop smoking and drinking any content will alcohol. Eating fruits that provide the body with vitamin D is also a strategy that can increase brain health. Additionally having omega three on daily occasionally as well as whole grain would also keep the body health as well as prevent the dementia health problem away.
Dementia is a mental problem affecting most people only that they do not have the idea that they have a health problem. As a result, the victims tend to continue indulging in the risky practices that later develop or increases dementia. This is mostly achieved because the dementia symptoms take more than one year for them to develop and be noticed fully. The symptoms develop on by one meaning that it could take a while for an individual to understand what they are suffering from or the health condition. Black, Patterson, and Feightner (2001) research show that the health problem mostly affects people aged between 50 years and above, which is commonly known as old age. On the other hand, the symptom of dementia also does not necessarily mean that one is suffering from dementia or any other brain problem. For example, forgetfulness, as well as communication or language problem, could be caused by other health issues or even normal causes such as old age. However, it is advisable to see a doctor as early as possible to assist how to control the health issue and also if the condition is treatable one can get the medications before the disease develops to irreversible state or condition.
Black, S. E., Patterson, C., & Feightner, J. (2001). Preventing dementia. Canadian Journal of neurological sciences, 28(S1), S56-S66.
Dementia | Signs, Symptoms & Diagnosis. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.alz.org/what-is-dementia.asp
Help End Alzheimer’s. (2017). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.alz.org/
Murphy, K., Jordan, F., Hunter, A., Cooney, A., & Casey, D. (2015). Articulating the strategies for maximising the inclusion of people with dementia in qualitative research studies. Dementia, 14(6), 800-824.
Pillai, J. A., & Verghese, J. (2009). Social networks and their role in preventing dementia. Indian journal of psychiatry, 51(Suppl1), S22.
Wimo, A., Jönsson, L., Bond, J., Prince, M., Winblad, B., & International, A. D. (2013). The worldwide economic impact of dementia 2010. Alzheimer’s & Dement