Disease of Global Concern

Disease of Global Concern

HIV/AIDS

A global concern disease is a disease that affects different nations worldwide and most of the global concern diseases are expensive to handle and maintain and most of the time the governments from different nations collaborate in disease prevention and management and therefore making it easy (Bachrach & Knox, 2012). HIV/AIDS is a global concern disease as it affects almost all the nations and the ARV medicine administered to the patients is too expensive for some country to handle. This therefore has made the different nations collaborate and help providing medications for the patients.

How to use demographic data to characterize HIV/AIDS

The people infected by the disease in various geographical locations help in making the analysis of the spread of the disease. HIV/AIDS is spread through various means and the places which are highly populated have high chances of disease spread as compared to the places densely populated. The demographic data on infection trends and the cases registered daily in hospitals can be used to rate the spread of the disease and therefore be used to make projection on the expected cases in future. This could be used to making adjustments and capitalizing on creation of awareness, investment in prevention measures as well as managing the present condition.

How to incorporate further research to address HIV/AIDS

The daily infection cases could be used for further research to make sure that the health sector maximizes on prevention of the disease spread. The most challenging issue about the disease is that most people are ignorant and reckless and therefore they don’t take care of themselves and therefore escalating the disease spread especially in the community setups. The places that can be researched on in this case are the vaccination or other prevention medications for HIV/AIDS as this would cut the further spread of the disease. The health sector could also invest in research and development of the medications available for the already infected people through improving and making them more effective as most cases the diseases become incompatible with some patients and therefore increasing the effects of the disease. The g0oven-rnmant should also invest in research and development of the cure of HIV/AIDS a lot of research has been done and the scientists have not been able to find a certified cure for the disease. Different governments should capitalize and fund the research and development in trying to come up with the cure as the disease has become a menace and strained the health sector.

How would you use morbidity and mortality in developing prevention strategies aimed at increasing attention to disease and decreasing adverse health outcomes?

Mortality and the morbidity data can be used to assess the spread of the disease and therefore the trend. This can be used to assess whether the trend is in line with the goals and objectives of healthy sector as they have concentrated on reduction of spread of HIV/AIDS. This can also be used to take note on the areas that the disease spread is fast and therefore increase campaigns of creation of awareness and employing the prevention strategies. The data can also be used to make comparison on the different communities, states and other countries and therefore help in making analysis on areas where the disease mostly is spread fast and where there are little cases of the disease spread and therefore know the strategies to take.

Which phenomenon—morbidity or mortality—is better to study to develop preventive strategies? Why?

The morbidity rate shows the actual people infected by the disease and the mortality rate is used to show the people who die as a result of the disease (Novotny, Adeyi, Haazenm & International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2003). I feel that morbidity is the best phenomenon that can be used to develop the preventive measures as the already infected people can be used to create awareness to the people who are infected. Mortality rate is rather too late as the dead people cannot be used to stir and spread information about the disease. I however feel that the areas that have low mobility rate and morbidity rate should be majored on when developing mobilization and awareness creation campaigns as the people can have chances or reducing the disease effect and therefore lower the cases in future.

References

Bachrach, J., & Knox, C. B. (2012). HIV & AIDS benchbook. Chicago: American Bar Association, AIDS Coordinating Committee.

Novotny, T., Adeyi, O., Haazen, D., & International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. (2003). HIV/AIDS in Southeastern Europe: Case studies from Bulgaria, Croatia, and Romania. Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved October 17, 2015

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