Environment

 Environment refers to the surroundings and everything in it, to elaborate further environment refers to trees, water bodies, land, atmosphere and even the sub-surface materials. In the developing countries where majority of the economy depends on the business sector in order to raise GDP such countries have neglected the conservation of environment since large amount of time and money is spent in making businesses prosper at the expense of environmental conservation.  In this current frontier especially in African and sub-Saharan countries many industries have polluted the environment in various ways. Research has indicated that in there near future human beings, animals and plants will face imminent extinction if the rate of environmental degradation is not controlled properly. Floods, draught, hunger, cancer global warming, deforestation, soil erosion, and drying up of water catchment areas just to mention a few are as a results of some businesses operating without putting safety purification  measures to treat some of the by products produced from those industries.

Businesses cannot do well if environment is polluted since majority of the industries depends on raw materials which are chiefly produced from the environment and without environment such businesses would suffer huge losses (Cherunilam, 2010). In developed and developing countries institutions and Acts of parliaments have been enacted in order to facilitate strike adherence to national environmental management in relation to business operations. And they have come up with various irreducible minimum laws under which businesses are allowed to operate and those in violation of the laws are to face huge penalties. Some of these policies will see that the following are met and are briefly discussed below.

1) Proper waste disposal

Waste management has been one the biggest challenges facing most middle income economies for examples we can take a case study of fresh water lakes in most countries which face water hyacinth problem which covers the lakes making fishing a big problem (Kavoossi, 2000). This problem has however resulted due to high eutrophication levels in the lakes which owe their origin from large untreated nitrates waste which are continually been dumped in the lakes by nearby industries. These nutrients provided to the water hyacinth make them reproduce continuously (Gates & Leuschner, 2007). Presence of large area covered with this weeds create a deficit in the oxygen supply in the water suffocating water inhabitants such as fish. An example of such a lake is Lake Victoria in a country known as Kenya in Africa where the local government and the citizens have complained due to inhabitation of the water hyacinth. The laws have ensured that the waste been dumped in the lakes are treated before they leave the factory reducing nitrate levels and conserve water sources.

2) Regulated deforestation

Timber related industries which solely rely on timber for raw materials in the past had cut trees without planting new ones and this devastated most rivers since with time their source of catchment were drying out as a result of excessive deforestation (Gates & Leuschner, 2007). With drying of rivers agricultural sectors all suffer a blow as most farmers depended on river water for irrigation. The overall effect was draught that ravaged through most of parts of the countries and creating acute food shortage. The policies made sure that those industries using timber as a source of raw materials had established a placed where for every tree they cut they plant two or more to replace the once they have cut (Gitman, McDaniel & Gitman, 2000). Trees are not only essential for industries but also in air purification and creating micro-climates for farmers.

In conclusion both environment and business can’t do without each other that is why business owners have a responsibility for maintaining the environment not only for their own benefit but also for the generations to come to find a reason to continue conserving and using the products of environment.

References

Cherunilam, F. (2010). Elements of Business Environment. New Delhi: Himalaya Pub. House.

Kavoossi, M. (2000). The globalization of business and the Middle East. Westport, Conn.: Quorum.

Gates, S. and Leuschner, K. (2007). In the name of entrepreneurship?. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.

Gitman, L., McDaniel, C. and Gitman, L. (2000). The future of business. Cincinnati, Ohio: South-Western College Pub.

 

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