Approaches to Local Ordinance Reform
Approaches to Local Ordinance Reform
A description of a local law in your community that is high profile or controversial
Preemption is a judicial or legislative agreement where governments of higher-level stops lower governments to exercise their mandate over a peculiar subject area (Cornell & Limber, 2015). On policy that is smoke-free, preemption naturally adapts the nature of the law of a state or a ruling by the court preventing implementation of local smoking limitations that are stricter than the standards set by the state. The preemptive laws by the state can also restrain other control standards related to local tobacco; they include restraints on the access of tobacco products by youths and limitations on the promotion and marketing of tobacco commodities (Havard Law Review Association el., 2015).
Some state preemptive requirements apply to all domains or several. There is a large agreement among public health practitioners and advocates that contribute to the control of tobacco that preemption contains an adverse effect on efforts of the control of tobacco. Preemptive laws of the state hinders local governments from implementing measures to offer protection to individual from the well-known adversities of tobacco consumption and exposure from secondhand smoke (Mowery, Babb, Hobart, Tworek & McNeil, 2012). This is a huge loss because the most powerful and most effective smoking restraints and policies that regulate the control of tobacco in general often emerge first at local level.
The difficulty by the tobacco sector to influence policymaking is a typical ability to carry out at the state level the undertakings that have made the industry lobby for forceful smoke-free legislations preemption (Mowery et al., 2012). Regarding documents that are internal, concern has been raised by the tobacco industry that strict smoke-free regulations will result to less acceptability by the undertaking of smoking and reduced sales of cigarettes. Locals have often viewed preemptive laws to be a straight reply to the progress of policies of smoke-free framework. The tobacco industries usually introduce such legislations immediately after the thoughtfulness of the ordinances in a state of smoke-free local environment.
Explain a strategy you would take to reform the law and explain why you chose it
Creating public awareness would be an effective way of reforming the controversial law. When communities are thinking of implementing smoke-free ordinances, the discussions and debate can raise awareness about the effects to the health effects of secondhand smoke and the importance of policies that support smoke-free areas and encourage public attitude change concerning the acceptability of smoking by the public (Mowery et al., 2012). The discussions and debates also promote coverage by the media. Research has shown that increased coverage by the media on tobacco issues has been associated with a decreased consumption of cigarette annually, decreased sales of cigarettes weekly, and an increase in adult tobacco consumption cessation (Olson, 2015). Secondhand smoke issues coverage by the news media is also credited with an increased implementation of local smoke-free legislations.
Describe which agencies in your local community you would collaborate with to accomplish this and explain why
To accomplish the target of reforming the law, there will be need for the collaboration with the health department and the news media services. In order to get facts about the numerous disadvantages of secondhand smoke, the health agency needs to be involved because the institutions experience first-hand the effects of secondhand smoke and how bad the adversities are. The health agencies will offer well researched studies and the exact extent of the issue (Hames & Ekem, 2015). The news media will also play an important role in creating public awareness. It is easier to reach numerous people through media coverage than when employing any other means. Through news media coverage, many people will get the information and push for the reformation of the law that supports smoke-free policies.
Cornell, D., & Limber, S. P. (2015). Law and policy on the concept of bullying at school. American Psychologist, 70(4), 333. doi:10.1037/a0038558. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases
Hames, J. B., & Ekern, Y. (2015). Legal research, analysis, and writing (5th ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Harvard Law Review Association, et al. (Eds.). (2015). The Bluebook: A uniform system of citation (20th ed.). Cambridge, MA: Author
Mowery, P. D., Babb, S., Hobart, R., Tworek, C., & MacNeil, A. (2012). The impact of state preemption of local smoking restrictions on public health protections and changes in social norms.Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012, 632629. Retrieved fromhttp://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2012/632629/
Olson, K. C. (2015). Principles of legal research (2nd ed.). St. Paul, MN: West.