The League of Nations

 The League of Nations

  The League of Nations

Kaley Cortellini

The League of Nations was formed in an attempt to collectively keep world peace. Of the five most powerful countries, only four became members. Although the group was the idea of President Wilson, the United States would never choose to join. Congress particularly disliked Article 10, which almost forced the member into war if an aggressor were to attack any of the other League’s members.[1] The League of Nations’ main goal was disarmament throughout the world, which I believe was one of its major flaws. It was a solid idea, but if all of the countries who play by the rules get rid of their weapons, how will they protect themselves from the aggressor countries who refused to get rid of theirs? To no surprise, most countries were not willing to give up their weapons without a backup plan, and the League of Nations could not promise one. Maybe prior to World War I, the League could have been more successful. With so much tension after the war from reparations to destroyed cities to the Great Depression, the League was not strong enough to survive such harsh conditions.

Another weakness was the inability of so many countries to agree on every dispute that came across the table. Members would pick and choose which issues they were willing to help deal with. This was an issue in the Corfu incident. After an Italian general was killed, Benito Mussolini was enraged and demanded the Greeks to pay for what they did.[2] When the League of Nations got involved, Mussolini threatened to leave the League if his wishes weren’t met. This incident proved that the League had no real power when dealing with the larger, more powerful countries.

The exclusion of several larger countries could not have helped the League’s influence on them. Russia, Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, and Turkey were initially barred from becoming members due to their involvement in World War I. [3] Now, if I were excluded from a group, why would I follow their rules or encourage their success? Germany continuously broke the Treaty of Versailles, but the League did nothing to reprimand the country. The few successes the League did have were not nearly enough to outweigh the losses. With one after another failure, the League became desolate in 1938, just a year before the Second World War.[4]

 

[1] Danelle Moon, “League of Nations,” Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice, http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.umuc.edu/10.4135/9781412956215.n492.

[2] Feriha Kazmi “League of Nations,” OpenStax College, accessed February 13, 2018, https://umuc.equella.ecollege.com/file/49f8d688-5c23-4903-bc60-22d695e19e4b/1/LeagueofNations.pdf.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

 

 


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