Evidence-based clinical intervention

Evidence-based clinical intervention

  1. The medical problem/diagnosis/disease

Evidence-based psychological intervention is a cognitive behavioral clinical therapy that is usually based on all cognitive influences on behaviors and feelings. Subsequently, these emotions and behaviors tend to influence cognitions (Bailes, 1998). Clinicians such as therapists focus on helping individuals to identify unhelpful emotions, thoughts and behaviors. Thus, evidence based clinical interventions on psychological disorders deals with cognitive therapy as well as behavior therapy (Thyer, 2000).  In this respect, behavior therapy is mainly guided by the theory that behavior can be changed since it is learned.

Therapists use effective techniques such as activity scheduling, exposure, behavior modification and relaxation. On the other hand cognitive therapy understands that maladaptive behaviors and distressing emotions are caused by faulty patterns of thinking. In this case, therapeutic interventions are necessary to help replace dysfunctional thoughts through self-instructional training and cognitive restructuring. This aims to help alleviate psychological problems of emotions, thoughts and behaviors (Thyer, 2000).

  1. Typical presenting signs and symptoms

 

Individuals suffering from psychological disorders tend to need a number of therapeutic strategies that will help offset various signs and symptoms. Among such symptoms are challenges in accepting a full range of experiences that are subjective. Typical signs in this respect are distressed sensations, beliefs, thoughts and feelings. In case such signs and symptoms are observed in certain individuals, they are diagnosed with psychological disorders (Bailes, 1998). In addition, these individuals normally suffer from unwanted subjective behaviors ineffective anxiety that increases their levels of distress. Consequently, they require therapeutic efforts aimed at improving their lives through embracing desired behavioral changes that will ultimately lead to an improved quality of life.

  1. The path-physiology of the problem.

 

There exists a psychodynamic psychotherapy that has been identified as a transference-based therapeutic advancement that has been found to be effective towards helping individuals facing psychological challenges. This is by exploring as well as working through interpersonal and intra-psychic conflicts that are specific. This normally achieved by way of identifying a particular focus by both the individual and the therapist (Bailes, 1998). It consists of information or materials form past and current intra-psychic and interpersonal conflicts. In essence it is a process where the therapist engages in a process of ensuring and creating a particular focus that is time-limited.

 

  1. Three differential diagnoses and the usual presenting signs and symptoms in priority sequence with rationales.

The onset of psychological disorder is the dialectical behavior that typically requires therapy that aims at serving the purposes of improving an individual’s motivation, enhance capabilities as well as generalize such an individual with the natural environment. Moreover such individuals need to identify a structured environment as well as help the therapist’s levels of motivation and capabilities (Thyer, 2000). The main goal in this case is to drastically reduce an individual’s ineffective tendencies.  These differential diagnoses are followed by challenges in interpersonal skills where these individuals tend to experience the challenge of establishing relationship with other people. A therapist also aims to improve patient’s third differential diagnosis in skills such in such areas like distress tolerance, mindfulness, interpersonal effectiveness as well as emotion regulations (Thyer, 2000).

  1. The expected outcomes of the intervention

The expected outcome of this type of intervention aims at creating awareness on psychological disorders through education. This can be achieved through explanation of information that is provided to the clients suffering from such disorders. The most critical of such information is about the characteristics involved in their particular diagnosis (Bailes, 1998). It is important to note that clients require specific information such as the meaning of certain symptoms as well as any other information on causes and effects. Moreover, such an intervention is important in reducing the number of suicide cases by providing information on the implications of whatever symptoms that they may be showing or feeling.

References

Bailes, G. (1998). Review: a brief psychological intervention (debriefing) is ineffective in preventing post-traumatic stress disorder. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 1(4), 118-118. doi:10.1136/ebmh.1.4.118

Thyer, B. A. (2000). Review: individual applied relaxation and cognitive behavioural therapy are effective psychological treatments for generalised anxiety disorder. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 3(3), 76-76. doi:10.1136/ebmh.3.3.76

 

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