Executive Order 12968

Executive Order 12968

It is an ordinance that was enacted on 2nd, 1995 by the then American president Bill Clinton. The executive order laid a framework for allowing access to classified information by federal government employees. According to Bouris (2010), the executive order outlined disclosure standards, administrative procedures for permitting or denying access, requirements for eligibility and different levels of access by federal government employees. The executive order 12968 was an expansion of executive order 10450 legislated in 1953 by Dwight. According to Collin (2013), the Executive Order 12968 was a requisite condition for federal government employees to access classified information. Such requirements embedded in the Executive Order 12968 included filling of financial disclosure, which encompassed dissemination of spouse information and employee’s children. Additional requirements that were in tandem with Executive Order 12968 were reporting on all foreign errands annually (Samuels & Sage Publications, 2006). Executive Order 12968 made it clear that an individual making application for security clearance had a right to hearing and provision of written document in the event the same was denied.

Moreover, Executive Order 12968 expounded on evaluation of metal health of federal government employees who had placed a security clearance plea. In regard to Executive Order 12968, federal government workers having classified information access had to be eligible by fulfilling the order’s prerequisites. The executive order bestowed the responsibility of constructing and executing a workable security program and framework for accessing such restricted information on agency heads. All federal employees ought to be well versed with the interests of American national security (Samuels & Sage Publications, 2006). The Executive Order 12968 also shed light on federal government employee education and assistance as well as procedure and policy for eligibility.

How security related Executive Orders correlate to the practice of security within the United States Government

According to Samuels and Sage Publications (2006), other pertinent security executive orders correlate with exercise of security in America in a manner that is purposed to protect the homeland. The executive orders share a common element, which is provision of additional resources, personnel and security tools to beef up border security, create a buffer against individuals who are a threat to national security and enforce immigration laws. The related executive orders related with practice of security in United Sates government by placing a priority on protecting American population. Samuels and Sage Publications (2006) explain that the executive orders interconnect with exercise of security within the United Sates government since the ordinances underscore on for example prevention of terrorist attacks within America, mitigate vulnerability, minimize destruction that may transpire following an attack in the United States (Bouris, 2010).

The security related executive orders also correlate with execution of security within United States government by laying emphasis on national endeavours to maintain a secure and safe homeland that is free from hazards such as terrorism. The orders prioritize on American interest, ways of life and aspirations to avert attacks and other security compromises with the United Sates government. The orders related with exercise of security because the all aim at reducing the U.S terrorism vulnerability and minimization of damage that may transpire (Bouris, 2010).  The security executive orders correlate in a way that lays a foundation for critical infrastructure against external threats, military protection of U.S frontiers, domestic population and sovereignty. Correlation also exudes from the establishment of agencies and entities whose principle aim is to lay robust policies and procedures as well as coordinate homeland security for preparedness, response and recovery.


Bouris, E. (2010). National Security Strategy of the United States. Encyclopedia of United States National Security. doi:10.4135/9781412952446.n402

Collin. (2013). Beyond the Storms: Strengthening Homeland Security and Disaster Management. doi:10.4324/9781315706153

Samuels, R. J., & Sage Publications. (2006). Encyclopedia of United States national security. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Title: Executive Order 12968 of August 2, 1995

URL: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-1995-08-07/pdf/95-19654.pdf

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