Fire service transformation
Research by In Owen (2014) shows that the twin towers collapsed after being struck by jets that were hijacked by the terrorists. Destruction of the building led to the break-up of the entire complex and resulting in the damage of the neighbouring structures. More than 2762 people died including the firefighters. After the attack, the National Institute of Standard and Technology conducted an investigation that consulted engineering entities (GeoFlorida, 2010). The team emphasized on the task of the fire-fighters where the organization discovered that the inward bowing resulted from the sagging floors of the houses that pulled inward on the columns of the perimeter.
Following the collapse of the twin towers, the fire department in America increased the number of firefighters. The reasons for raising the number of employees in the unit was to increase the degree of response to emergencies. As Owen (2014) states, due to the increase of workers in the fire sector, the department was able to respond actively to more than thirty million calls nationwide in which 75 percent calls were for medical help. Only 7 percent represented actual fires in the year while 18% were fake calls and alarms.
Researchers and engineers argue that the WTC was built to withstand impacts of the airplanes. Since the collapse of the towers, the fire department has increased fire services in the most cities of the country through the provision of adequate firefighting trucks (GeoFlorida, 2010). The department has improved the strategies of dealing with the three types of flames that result to fire outbreaks. The safety agencies recommended the increase of fire departments following the attack in 2001. The fire service specialists have been involved in the construction of complexes and other structures to ensure installing of correct proper fire proofs in the buildings (In Owen, 2014).
Improvement in technology
Research by ATC and SEI (2010) demonstrates that technology has improved in the firefighting departments in the United States to help in controlling fire outbreaks in the country. Technology improvement consists of GPS integration, CCTV and satellite videos expected to assist in responding to fire outbreaks through virtual evidence by the fire divisions. Most of the equipment are costly.
The US government has increased the funding to the fire section. The reason for improved funding is to raise the efficiency and effectiveness of the department in responding to the cases (GeoFlorida, 2010). The increased funding has helped the department to replace the obsolete equipment and also improve the level of technology required to increase the fire services in the nation.
Regionalization of fire departments
Despite increased funding from the state government, the number of fire departments in the country has continued to grow. Due to rise in the number of the sections, most individuals have turned to regionalizing the fire services. Research by GeoFlorida (2010) shows that taking the fire services to the different regions of the country has helped in responding to the fire incidences in the country more efficiently and at the same time. Regionalization occurs due to financial imbalances in the sector.
The service department should continue seeking funding from the government and other sponsoring groups for efficient operation and service delivery. Also, the section should create awareness to the general public on how to respond to the incidences of fire outbreak waiting for the firefighters. Regionalization of fire departments should be enhanced to control the outbreak at regional levels. Moreover, in the construction of the complexes and other house structures, the fire exit points should be many to minimize fatalities in case of an outbreak.
|ATC & SEI (2010). Proceedings of the 2009 Conference on Improving the Seismic Performance of Existing Buildings and Other Structures. N.p|
|GeoFlorida (2010). Advances in analysis, modelling, & design : proceedings of the GeoFlorida 2010 Conference; February 20-24, 2010, West Palm Beach, Florida
In Owen, C. (2014). Human factors challenges in emergency management: Enhancing individual and team performance in fire and emergency services. N.p.