Gender Equality

 Gender Equality

In the past few decades, the world has made efforts to ensure that gender equality is achieved by seeing to it that women advance in economic, social and political arenas. Despite all the efforts, women remain disadvantaged to men in the same arenas. While coming up with millennium development goals, gender equality was addressed. The sustainable development goals which were adopted to succeed the millennium development goals has called for gender equality and ensuring that women and girls are empowered(inglehart,2003). Several issues pertaining to women’s gender equality including economic justice, peace and security, participation in leadership and HIV/AIDS are emerging.

An area that shows the challenge in achieving gender equality is the participation of women in leadership and decision making. Women are the largest group in most of the countries in the world, yet their representation when it comes to making decisions in large organization and bodies is minimal. As a result, most of the countries are less developed since empowerment of women is a major tool that facilitates development. A major challenge in ensuring that women participate in decision making and leadership lies in lack of implementation of various policies set to handle the issue.

Economic justice for women remains an issue that is yet to be addressed. Women give providence to labor and yet it is rare for them to be allowed to control the resources they give labor to. In many cases, women are even paid an amount lesser than the male gender, for performing the same amount of work. Women are rarely considered as independent persons in most of the communities. As a result, most of the documented policies on the rights of women address the issue of economic empowerment as a very important element. The key to achieving economic justice for women is ensuring that they have an equal opportunity as male to access various factors of production, credit and markets.

Conflicts on peace and security have come up and the major characteristic is based on the fact that women mostly suffer after incidences of war because of the roles and the location the society has put on them. Women are exempted from peace building initiatives. The United Nations formulated a resolution whose aim is to create a chance for women to participate in building and ensuring peace is maintained (Kardam, 2004). A major issue arising from prevention of peace and conflict prevention is the issue of violence based on gender against women which mostly occurs in pre conflict and post conflict situations. Discussions regarding peace, security and management of conflict are close to creating an impression that violence against women is linked to conflict which is broader and does not exist in peaceful scenarios. It is however important to note that women’s security issue and bodily integrity found outside conflict is constantly fading.

Most of the sub Saharan communities face challenges related to lack of gender equality when dealing with the issue of HIV/AIDS.  The disease is seen to be prevalent among women due to the status they hold in the society. Women are seen to be subordinate to men and these perceptions have denied women the right having control of their bodies and the right to gain access to healthcare facilities. The man is the only one who makes decisions on the same which leaves the woman’s health at stakes.

References

Inglehart, R., & Norris, P. (2003). Rising tide: Gender equality and cultural change around the world. Cambridge University Press.

Kardam, N. (2004). The emerging global gender equality regime from neoliberal and constructivist perspectives in international relations. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6(1), 85-109.

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