Health Teaching of Diabetes

Health Teaching of Diabetes

Importance of physical exercises in control and prevention of diabetes

A health person 2020 basically is one of the federal government’s plans which are in place to build a nation which is health. This is based on the nation’s objective in relation to health. Its agenda is to able to identify the threats which are preventable and prioritizing them so that they be able to put in place strategies which will assist in reducing these health problems. Our topic of discussion is the importance of physical exercise in control and prevention of diabetes which is one the health problems identified.

Purpose; The purpose of this document is to discuss on how physical exercises are important in the control and prevention of diabetes type 2 in adults.

Goal; to attain and retain normal blood glucose level, lipids as well as pressure to prevent and control diabetic type 2 complications.

Outline of content; Diabetes mellitus is a type of a condition that causes blood sugar to be raised beyond the normal levels. Risk factors for diabetes type 2 include but not limited to obesity, family history, sedentary lifestyle, and increased age. This type of diabetes can develop in people who are said to have relatively smaller body weight but over weight is considered the major risk factor (Hoeger, pg. 313).

Through exercise and weight loss, people with prediabetes can prevent the progression of diabetes 1 to diabetes type 2. People who don’t do physical activity are said to be at risk of developing coronary cancer, coronary heart disease, obesity, osteoporosis, symptoms of depression, anxiety, non-insulin dependent diabetes, hypertension and other health problems (Hoeger, pg. 325).

Exercise is very important to people who have diabetes type 2 as it makes it easier for them to control their blood sugar level. Diabetes type 2 patients tend to have too much glucose in their blood sugar since their bodies can’t be able to produce sufficient insulin or due to improper use of insulin. So, exercises are very much important in reducing one’s blood sugar as muscles can be able to use insulin when one do exercises. This implies that whether you are insulin resistant or not, or if your body does not have sufficient insulin, during exercise, muscle in the body are supplied with glucose they need and as a result, blood glucose level is reduced. If one is insulin resistant, exercises are able to make insulin to be effective as the resistance is reduced through exercise making it available for cell to use. On top of exercises, one should take health meals as well as maintaining the blood glucose level in their live by use of medication for control and prevention of diabetes type 2. (Bauer, pg. 432)

When people are always active in their life, they can control their diabetes, weight loss, boosting sensitivity to insulin in their body as well as elevated blood glucose level in the required range. When one controls blood glucose level, he/she can prevent complication from diabetes which are said to be long term. Such complications include but not limited to kidney disease, arteriosclerosis and nerve pain. Exercises make one strong and health as well as maintaining cholesterol which help in to control of arteriosclerosis (Hoeger, pg. 335).

Such exercises include strength training, aerobic exercises and flexibility. Flexibility exercises help one to improve their joint work, muscles stretching during exercises lowers the chances of soreness as well as relaxing one’s muscles. Aerobic exercises encompass biking, tennis, basketball, swimming, running and walking. It is advisable that one should do at least thirty minutes of aerobic exercise each day of the week. Strength training gives one efficient muscles, lean as well as bones which are healthy (Hoeger et al pg. 345).

Methods of Evaluation; the methods to be used in evaluation will be quantitative and qualitative methods. Qualitative methods will include observation of the intervention outcome in terms of reduced body size and weight lost. It will also include comparison as well as contrasting one’s physical outlook before and after engaging in physical activities. In quantitative evaluation, the number of people who will be included in a physical activity will be evaluated.

Method of presentation; after the session, the topic will be discussed in groups by the audience and give the feedback on their understanding about the three-physical exercise that are important in the control and prevention of diabetes type 2.


Hoeger, Werner W. K, Wener W. K. Hoeger, and Sharon A. Hoeger. Principles and Labs for Physical Fitness. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.

Bauer, Kathleen D, and Doreen Liou. Nutrition Counseling and Education Skill Development. 2016.


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