The human growth
Development stages from birth to adolescence. Including both emotional and physical aspects.
Development refers to the physiological and functional process of maturation of an individual (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013). These stages include:
The prenatal stage
The prenatal stage usually involves tremendous growth from a cell to a complete organism with behavioral abilities. This development phase has three stages namely fetal, germinal and embryonic stages (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013). These aspects include activities such as conception, placenta formation, vital organs formation and bodily growth as cell multiplication continues.
This development stage occurs after birth up to two years of age. There is a lot of dependence on the adults. Physiological activities are starting to develop such as social learning, symbolic thought, and language among others. At this stage, emotion is communicated through crying. Crying and uncoordinated physical movements are used to describe. The baby is usually fragile, toothless, has poor vision and usually responds to touch and human voice especially mother’s (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013).
As the baby develops within the period of one to two years, the physical aspect may change as they begin walking and talking and the curiosity to explore. They also develop the ability better understand what is being said. As they develop to up to two years old, this stage is characterized by temper and tantrums and other negative behavior such as saying “No” to everything they are being told. They also tend to be more active and sociable and interact with other children (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013).
Occurs in children from three to five years of age. The child is more aware of their surroundings. You find that the child tries to emulate the parents, pronunciation, and vocabulary are continually expanding, climbing stairs with alternating feet and sometimes can briefly stand on one foot (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013). At five years the child can skip and hop with one foot, can copy figures, may start reading and also tend to socialize more with kids at a similar age. At this stage, children develop certain fears such as fear of the dark, animals among other things. Some cannot even sleep with the lights off. At this stage, imagination is usually vivid.
Middle and late childhood
Occurs in children between the ages of six and twelve years of age. Physically, the child has well-developed muscles hence more developed compound motor abilities. Activities also change from independent to group activities, especially of the same sex. A sense of belonging is crucial to them and recognition by their parents and peers is very imperative (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013).
A period marked when children are between ages of thirteen to eighteen years old. This is one of the most exciting and traumatic stages in child development. Puberty occurs where the child matures sexually and there changes in the body; physical, humoral and emotional (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013). They become more concerned with their appearance, tend to establish self-identity and are very fragile emotionally and some can commit suicide if pushed to the limit. This is where peer pressure also kicks in.
The most crucial stage and the reason why.
The adolescence period is the most important as it is a fragile stage for both the child and the parent. Adolescents are very unstable emotionally due to all the changes happening in their bodies both physically and physiologically.
An anecdotal that brings back good memories.
After closing school for the summer, there was this party organized at a friend’s house. I was sixteen at the moment, but my parents denied me the permission to go out at night for the party. I threw tantrums and never talked to my parents about a week. Meeting with my friends was quite embarrassing as I had promised them I would be present. I had to avoid them to get away from the ridicule and I still remember that to date.
Shaffer, D. R., & Kipp, K. (2013). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence. Cengage Learning.