US Immigration Policy

US Immigration Policy

Immigration policies in the United States of America will harm the relationship of this country with other countries including Mexico. Currently, the large part of Mexico borders the United States. The two countries are also believed to share a deep history with ups and downs in the form of collaboration, competition, cooperation and fighting among many others. Statistics show that more than $15 billion worth of goods cross the American-Mexico border in every day (Cohn, 2015).

Enactment of the immigration policy will harm not only Mexico but also the Americans at home and all over the globe. This harm will mostly be in the form of economy of both countries, cost of living (Cohn, 2015). However, the enactment of the policy also has unseen benefits in security, refugees, and the number of illegal immigrants.

Around twelve million Mexicans currently reside in the United States either legally or illegally. This number accounts for up to 15% of the Mexico’s labor force (Cohn, 2015). Following this high number of Mexicans living in America, the amounts of exports made by the United States to Mexico have increased to a large extent by more than two hundred billion from the year 1993 to 2014, and the trend is still raising an alarming level (Cohn, 2015). However, of the number of immigrants coming to the United States from Mexico is regulated, this might affect the overall export rates to this country.

The economy of the United States might also be touched by this to a greater extent. This can be seen in that the number of tourists who visit the United States from Mexico accounts for over 27% of the total tourists (Cohn, 2015). The number is likely to drop hence the amount of revenue that was generated by the tourism sector will drastically fall (Cohn, 2015). During the past few decades, Mexico was acting as a bridge between the developing and the developed countries which had great help to the united states on issues such climate change and UN peacekeeping.

The overall workforce of America would drop. It would be essential for the United States government to reconsider the issue of massive deportation of Mexican citizens. This is because, out of the millions of people living in the United States either legally or illegally, most of them are very productive towards the economy and workforce of the states (Cohn, 2015). No single country would be expected to maintain a good working relationship with another country that has set plans to execute a massive deportation of its citizens living in that country. The average wage rate of Mexicans working in the United States is lower than the wage rate of Americans working in their country (Hanson, 2016). This makes the expenses incurred by the workforce to be lower.

When it comes to the side of the Mexicans, the remittances sent by these workers from the United States have grown. This is because of the increase in the number of Mexican in the United States. It is believed that the total remittance sent to Mexico by its citizens working in the United States accounts for about 3% of the total GDP of the country (Hanson, 2016). If legalization programs were to be put into place, the government would increase the immigrant wages by 20% (Cohn, 2015). This would, in turn, lead to more remittance being sent to the home country and thus the percentage of GDP from these people would increase (Hanson, 2016). This increase would lead to better economy of Mexico.

Legalizing of the immigrants in the United States might contribute to fewer people trying to cross the border illegally. However, this is an area that brings about a lot of discussions as to whether or not this will happen. This is because a similar situation happened in 1986 where the government tried to restrict immigrants in the United States under the immigration reforms and control act which ushered a monumental change in the migration laws. The government even issued sanctions on employers who hired undocumented workers knowingly, increased border enforcement and providing a pardon to immigrants in the country who met certain provisions. This resulted in issuing a permanent permit to over 2.3 million Mexicans to living in the United States (Román, & Olivas, 2013). As a result of this amnesty, the amount of immigrants’ apprehension declined, but it might be that the immigrants flocking the borders were now more careful than there before.

Finally, security and better migrant labor would be enforced. If there were the legalization of the immigrants, it shows that the number of Mexicans in the United States living or illegally working here would be granted legal rights to live here. This, in turn, would increase the wage they earn meaning more finances would be sent back home (Hanson, 2016). As a result of this, Mexico would have clear benefits in improving border security. The level of threat posed to America by illegal migration is still high. The more people try to access a country illegally, the higher the risk of attacks and national security. If there were legal reforms to accommodate these people to live legally in the United States, the threat to national security that would have been caused by illegal residence would drop

References

Cohn, R. L. (2015). The Effects of Immigration on the United States. Mass Migration under Sail, 190-222. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511575211.009. doi:10.7208/chicago/9780226066684.003.0010

Hanson, G. H. (2016). Emigration, Labor Supply, and Earnings in Mexico. Mexican Immigration to the United States, 289-328. doi:10.7208/chicago/9780226066684.003.0010

Román, E., & Olivas, M. A. (2013). The Conflicted United States–Mexico Relationship. Those Damned Immigrants, 111-124. doi:10.18574/nyu/9780814776575.003.0005

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