Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

How did the Industrial Revolution develop and spread during the 18th and 19th centuries? What were the early industries that came to shape the modern era?

Throughout the 18th century, industry became a huge, well, industry in Europe, though the Industrial Revolution did not start until the last quarter of the century. One of the first appearances of industry in the form of mining and metallurgy appears in the Rhineland mainly due to the wealth of natural resources in the area. Also, the first steam engine was installed in a lead mine near Dusseldorf in 1751. Throughout most of Western Europe industry was so widespread that every town and city had their own looms, forges, kilns, and/or sawmills. This can be seen clearly within the numbers that show 30,000 coal miners in Newcastle, 450,000 weavers in Languedoc, and 1.5 million textile workers in northern France.

Now the Industrial Revolution, which lasted from the end of the 18th century throughout the 19th century, started exclusively in England and stayed within the British Iles for the 18th century. The first steel rolling mill was set up in 1728 and in 1740 the crucible process to make high-grade steel was invented, both in England. England was the first country to experience an Industrial Revolution mainly because the government stimulated it through the need of iron and steel for naval and army hardware. Lastly, Scotland saw a major uptick in the production of steel and the development of steamships and railways that further increased the growth and spread of the INdustrial Revolution.

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