Critical Infrastructure Protection Article
This article shows how the Department homeland security (DHS) and the Department of Defense (DoD) are mandated to secure the United States and this also includes the critical infrastructure as well as securing the key resources in the nation (Ladnier, 2017). The laws governing the infrastructure and the resources protection are stated in the constitution of the federal statutory law which establishes the national security goals. The protection is also emphasized on the Critical Infrastructure Protection Act of 2001 (CIPA) which places it as a national security goal being also geared towards the collaboration of the public and the private partnership in executing the task (Ladnier, 2017). The Homeland Security act of 2002 also emphasizes the protection against terrorism as well as the critical infrastructure protection (Ladnier, 2017). In the United States, much of the critical infrastructure is independent and also interconnected and therefore does not directly belong to the government.
The critical infrastructure has sustained injuries and leads to huge losses in the past especially during emergency or disasters like hurricanes. Establishment of standards, enforcing compliance with the standards set as well as protecting the critical infrastructure physically by the homeland security as well as the department of defense remains critical and this has been the driving force in the United States as a means of trying to secure its citizens as well as the nation’s position.
Some of the bodies that are critical in the protection of the national infrastructure are the Army, Airforce, Navy and the marine corp. The four body’s common responsibilities are to maintain the national peace and security as well as provision of the United States Defense. This is through supporting the national policies as well as the implementation of the objectives of the United States. Some of the organizations that are critical in infrastructure protection are Department of Homeland Security, Coast Guard, FPS, and OIP (Ladnier, 2017).
According to the article, the major role of the DHS is preventing the nation against terrorist attack through reduction of the terrorism vulnerability of the nation, minimizing the damage just in case it happens as well as assisting in the recovery process of the nation. This is normally vital as in case of such issues there is always the need to bring the nation back on track and therefore failure to integrate all the other department and guide them through the healing process reduces the rate of growth or the maintenance of the national economy and therefore leading to huge losses being incurred. The coast guard, on the other hand, helps in enforcing the federal laws in water subjects as well as the seas, they also engage in maritime surveillance. They are also mandated to protect the entire infrastructure that is found in the water bodies. FPS is mandated to protect the buildings, properties that are owned secured or occupied by the federal government as well as the people on the properties. OPI on the other hand accesses receives and analyzes the law enforcement information, national intelligence information that is aimed at assessing the scope of the terrorist’s threats to the homeland. They also help in defending and protecting the nation against the terrorist attacks.
The national security identifies protection of the critical infrastructure as vital and critical. According to the article, reliable cyber and physical infrastructure services are critical in ensuring that there is national defense government continuity, economic prosperity as well as ensuring that the quality of life is maintained at the highest standard. The policy of the United States says that operations of the critical infrastructure vital disruption should be rare, brief geographically limited effects, have minimal detrimental, manageable as well as that fact that the government and the national security of the United States operations should be maintained at all cost. I agree with the above states factors as a major effect on such infrastructure could have detrimental effects on the nation.
Strengths of Critical Infrastructure Protection Article
One of the greatest strength is that it starts by recognizing some of the major bodies that have a responsibility of maintaining or rather protracting the infrastructure in the United States this being the Homeland Security Department and the Department of Defense. One of the key drivers of the nation’s economy as well as maintaining the top position of a nation in the world ranking is the maintenance of the national infrastructure (Ladnier, 2017). A national security agency has to be alert to make sure that all the key engines of the nation’s progress are maintained at the highest level of operation and that if there is any change or disturbance that occurs to them it should be minimal and not affect the normal operations of the country.
The article also goes further to distinguish between the specific roles of the two bodies stating categorically the scope of the two. This helps in avoiding contradictions when demarcating or rather drawing the line of roles and responsibilities. It also helps in effectiveness and efficiency of protecting the national infrastructure as the security bodies know how to link with one another and collaborate in ensuring that the nation and its citizens are protected from any internal and external emergency or rather disaster that might disrupt the normal operations of the nation and therefore affect its progress.
The article is also very clear on the role of the Army, Airforce, Navy and the Marine corps (Clinton, 2016). This being the bodies that are either directly or indirectly involved in maintaining security and order in the nation also have a great role to play in the infrastructure protection as there are also bodies of law enforcement as well as security provision in the nation. Most of the time it is difficult for the people to know where the line is drawn when it comes to duties, roles, and responsibilities of the above-mentioned security groups but the article is very categorical and therefore making the whole exercise clear and understandable.
Weaknesses of Critical Infrastructure Protection Article
One of the greatest weaknesses of the article is that it failed to compare the different security bodies that are involved infrastructure protection in other nations. Some of the disasters and emergencies require collaboration between different law enforcement agencies in a different nation such as terrorism and also issues like an earthquake. This, therefore, calls for consideration of the other security agencies and the structures or rather the strategies they have put together to fight the issues that might destruct the national security or rather cause a distortion of the operations of the national infrastructure.
The other weakness is that the website does not go into details of explaining what the different categories of the critical infrastructure are and ranking to show how critical they are and therefore capturing the attention of the reader. It is important for the article to have been so categorical on the infrastructure facilities in the government category as well as those owned privately and the contribution they have towards the nation and therefore shoe the need or the urgency of having them safeguarded and protected by the authority.
The article also does not fully link the nation’s infrastructure, and the other nation’s infrastructure as all of them are important. They collaborate towards promoting global efficiency. This, therefore, means that one cannot exist without the other and that they cannot exist in a vacuum. For this reason, it is important to show how they associate, link or collaborate with the other nations infrastructure and how failure to protect any nations infrastructure could affect the other nations as they are either directly or indirectly linked through international trade or other sectors in the economy.
In conclusion protection of the infrastructure is not only the physical structures but the services they provide to the nation (Clinton, 2016). As I stated earlier, some of the infrastructures are the key drivers of the operations of the nation and therefore alterations their performances can shake the whole nation and therefore leading to huge losses being incurred both being physical or emotional (George, 2013). This, therefore, becomes critical for the CIP, HSD, and DoD to effectively come up with strategies that do guard not only the physical infrastructure but also the assets that are seen or deemed as critical and this is done in the sense that one cannot do without them. The article is very categorical on the levels of protection or rather the responsibilities of the different bodies in executing this operation and therefore making it rather easy to execute and also effective. A number of the strategies that are critical in protecting the infrastructure are the prevention of crime, protective security, risk management as well as business continuity emergency and disaster management (George, 2013). After the study that I have conducted, I agree that the factors mentioned above could go a long way in ensuring that infrastructure protection is put in place. Both the internal and the external environment is important in ensuring that all the strategies stated above are run smoothly and that each organization has a role to play executing their function effectively. To do all this, it is important to understand where the threat lies and prioritizing on the allocation of the national resources in protecting the infrastructure as a way of trying to reduce the risk and the uncertainty associated with it in case of any eventuality that may occur.
Ladnier, P. (2017). Critical Infrastructure Protection and Federal Statutory Authority for the Departments of Homeland Security and Defense to Perform Two Key Tasks. US Army School of Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States.
George, R. (2013). Critical infrastructure protection. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 1, 4-5. doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2008.08.010
Clinton, W. J. (2016). Executive order 13010-critical infrastructure protection. Federal Register, 61(138), 37347-37350.