Juvenile Delinquency Prevention in Virginia Beach

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention in Virginia Beach

Introduction

According to Bartollas and Schmalleger (2014), there are myriad efforts to mitigate juvenile delinquency in a society. Reducing delinquency among young individuals smoothens operations of a country or a region. In my community, various strategies and efforts are used in reducing delinquency among young people. The efforts include:

Reduction efforts

Mentorship

Mentorship purposes to add the number of opportunities for young people in the society. The initiative improves the impact and quality of the mentorship that the carder receive. Heilbrun, Goldstein and Redding (2015) argue that mentoring young people ensures that their morals and behaviors correspond to the code of conduct of a community. Mentoring helps youth in the community know the expectation of the society. Mentoring imparts knowledge in people and gives guidance that assists change the way people behave.

School organization programs

There have been programs that are regularly conducted in the schools with the aim of teaching justice to the young people. The undertaking reduces juvenile delinquency in the community. Implementation of the programs in the schools demonstrates robust empirical discoveries and findings with popular frameworks and highest quality evaluation design. School-based programs help in demonstrating adequate findings that assist in improving the behavior of young people thereby preparing them to face the outside world after school. The programs have been effective in reducing juvenile delinquency in the society. According to Siegel (2017), school-based programs are effective in reducing juvenile delinquency by enabling young people to understand violence, serious delinquency, and use of drugs by evaluating how the group develop within the context of community, family, school and peers.

Theories

Developmental crime prevention theory

According to the theory, criminal activities among young people are mostly influenced by the attitudinal and behavioral patterns learned in the development of an individual.  The theory postulates that early age of life is the most active in shaping the future attitude and behavior of people. Heilbrun et al., (2015) assert that intervention during the early age of an individual is more efficient than when dealing with people when they have already grown up. Also, the paradigm proposes that for effective prevention of the criminal behaviors among young people, the target should be deprived neighborhood, delinquent peers, and parents in guiding the people.

Community Crime Prevention Theory

The theory encompasses a combination of situational and developmental prevention with the aim of preventing or reducing crimes among young people. It focuses on the ability of the community to concentrate on social conditions of crimes in the society and their ability to regulate them. Community crime prevention concerns the actions that have been put in place to change the social institutions and conditions that affect communities (Bartollas & Schmalleger, 2014).

Situational crime prevention theory

The theory has a different standard as compared to other methods of crime prevention by focusing on the place of occurrence as well as the center of the offense. The theory states that situational crime prevention relies upon reducing chances for offenses in the society as opposed the society and its institutions. The argument demonstrates the various criteria that the community can employ in lessening the offense opportunities (Bartollas & Schmalleger, 2014). The theory argues that reducing the likelihood of possibilities that encourage crime involves some manipulation and modification of the products, the system of the physical environment with the aim of affecting the perception of the offenders.

Ideas that would improve community’s juvenile delinquency prevention efforts

The community can employ various efforts in improving adolescent prevention. In the community, there are children care professionals who provide guidance on proper upbringing of the children. The community through the professionals should undertake continuous visit to the children at their younger age from the age of three and above to sponsor the day-care program and to guide parents on proper upbringing of their children. Siegel (2017) states that early awareness through the provision of education and training to the parents can help in bringing up the children in morally upright manners that can play a great role in ensuring that children grow knowing the morals and expectations of the society. Childcare professionals can enlighten the children caring individuals through proper training that they have been offering (Bartollas & Schmalleger, 2014).

Monitoring individuals who have at one time exhibited delinquent behavior also helps reduce the occurrence of the same behavior again. According to Bartollas and Schmalleger (2014), giving adequate guidance through continuous monitoring of individuals who had been casualties of the unexpected behaviors can help reduce occurrence among young people. Through surveillance and supervision, proper strategies can be developed in the future eradication of behavior. As an example, a group of youth who were formerly involved in unethical behaviors has shown improvement after extensive training on how to avoid such behavior again (Siegel, 2017). Continuous monitoring and supervision have helped ensure that the individuals are following the guidelines and taking the appropriate strategies in case the behavior recurs.

References

Bartollas, C., & Schmalleger, F. (2014). Juvenile delinquency.

Heilbrun, K., Goldstein, N. E., & Redding, R. E. (2015). Juvenile delinquency: Prevention, assessment, and intervention.

Siegel, L. A. (2017). Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, practice, and law. Place of publication not identified: WADSWORTH.

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