Long-Term Effects of the Second World War- The United Nations

Long-Term Effects of the Second World War- The United Nations

Week V, Question 4:

I think it was important for you to mention that “the Council can impose sanctions and use of force.” This was one of the factors contributing to the demise of the League of Nations. The League of Nations was hoping to disarm countries, including their own. The United Nations does not encourage the use of weapons, but does not expect to rid the world of weapons. The five permanent members (Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom, China, and France) all have nuclear weapons at their disposal.[1] The United Nations has two reasons behind their use of force; either in self-defense or when the group agrees it is necessary.[2] Compared to the League, the UN is much more organized, has multiple sections, planned income, and forces willing to defend the peace of nations. I agreed that the group has played a role in keeping the peace in Europe and its success is directly related to lessons learned from both World Wars and the failures of the League of Nations.

[1] Elizabeth Chuck, “Fact Sheet: Who Has Nuclear Weapons and How Many Do They Have?” NBC News, March 31, 2016, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/fact-sheet-who-has-nuclear-weapons-how-many-do-they-n548481.

[2] William A. Darity, Jr., “United Nations,” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd ed., Vol. 8, (Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008) accessed March 1, 2018, http://link.galegroup.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/apps/doc/CX3045302849/GVRL?u=umd_umuc&sid=GVRL&xid=f09247db.



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