Medical imaging is the visualization of various parts of the body, organs or tissues which help in building clinical diagnosis, treatment as well as disease monitoring for control (Riccabona, 2014). Medical imaging has revolutionized the health sector through innovation of advanced technological imaging systems used in medical facilities. The innovations have improved effectiveness in the medical sector and therefore resolving some medical conditions that proved hard to handle before. Some of the major imaging technologies in the health sector are Magnetic resource imaging and Radiography. These medical imaging technologies have reduced the procedures in diagnosing, treating as well as controlling some medical conditions and therefore increasing the productivity of the health sector.
The Magnetic Resonance imaging combines computer systems, radio waves, and strong magnetic fields. This helps in producing detailed pictures of soft tissues, organs, and other internal body structures. In this medical imaging technology, there are no radiations exposures to the patients. According to In Syed, In Raman and In Simonetti (2015) this technology is mostly used in imaging organs, soft tissues, and internal body structures, showing the difference between normal and abnormal pictures as well as occasions where imaging without radiations is recommended.
Radiography, on the other hand, uses X-rays where small radiation passes through the body capturing a single image of the anatomy when assessing injuries or diseases and in this technology dense object like bones block the radiation appearing white in the X-ray picture (Riccabona, 2014). The pictures obtained are reviewed by radiologists to create a report deduced from the findings to aid in diagnosis.
In picture archiving and communication system (PACS) the medical imaging systems are important as they help build up the data for achieving and this has helped in some medical programs like evidence-based practices. The images also help in research by the medical team as they can analyze different cases and share results leading to the development of better and effective treatment procedures.
In Syed, M. A., In Raman, S. V., & In Simonetti, O. P. (2015). Basic principles of cardiovascular MRI: X-rays. CT scans. Physics and imaging technique.
Riccabona, M. (2014). Medical imaging essentials: Radiography, ultrasound, CT, and MRI in neonates and children. Stuggart: Thieme.