policy and Health

policy and Health

Policy generally means a set of rules which an individual or a group of individual should follow strictly with the aim of achieving some objectives at the end of it all. Sugary drinks are one of the public health problems which greatly affect individuals globally. Sugary drinks are classified under nutrition, physical activity and obesity in the identified and areas of concerns regarding the public health problem. Other areas of concern on public health problem involve; drug abuse harms, healthcare related infection, heart attack and stroke, HIV, accidents caused by vehicles, food safety, dose prescription, and unwanted pregnancies. Public health problems may result in increased cases of medical attention thus, increased medical costs (Augustovski, Alcaraz, Caporale, Garcia & Pichon, 2015). With increased medical costs, the country may be pulled back upon their improvement since most of its revenues will be directed to the medical sector.

Sugary drinks are the major cause of obesity problems. Obesity is a situation whereby, an individual has accumulated fats in his or her body which in most cases has negative effects on one’s health. Obesity has various effects such as; joint pains, breathing problem, increased the level of sweating, snoring, tiresomeness and inability to perform work vigorously. Also, obesity may be a cause of individuals’ low levels of self-esteem and self-confidence in that, they may feel unwanted by friends and family hence may end up living a lonely life.

A large number of the products people consume, both liquid and solid contains sugars in form of calories. Solid calories are filling unlike liquid calories thus, more fight by the government against sugary drinks through pricing policies (Byrd & Clayton, 2015). Examples of sugary drinks include; beverages such as sodas, juice and alcoholic drinks such as alcohol. The government has introduced pricing policies with the aim of reducing the levels of consumption of sugary drinks by its citizen hence improving the quality of life and life expectancy of already obese individuals. The government is looking forward to reducing medical costs and improve the productivity of the workforces who are ranked in the lower class. Also, the government has an aim of reducing cases of obesity within their nation to ensure a growing country in all its sectors.

A country is said to be developed with all its sectors progressing well (Routledge, de Cossío, Pedraza, Aburto, Sánchez & Martorell, 2014). These sectors include; healthcare sector, economic, transport, and sports sectors. Through the provision of pricing policies by the government on sugary drinks, they control calorie consumption, therefore, managing weight. Other harmful products consumed by individuals which the government has imposed pricing policies includes alcoholic drinks and tobacco. Pricing policies are taxes and regulatory fees. Taxes are the amounts charged on products by the government and they vary depending on the type of a commodity. Types of taxes include; sales taxes, excise taxes, regulatory fees and proportional pricing initiatives.

Sales taxes are imposed on the retail price of goods in that, the consumers will buy that particular commodity from the retailer more than its production cost thus, paying tax to the retailer who in return will pay to the government. The excise tax is that tax which is placed on the volume of a unit of the sweetness of a given sugary drink. Sugary drinks will be taxed higher unlike non-sugary drinks thus; producers, wholesalers and retailers will prefer to deal with non-sugary or very low sugary drinks to ensure they do not pay much amount to the government.

Regulatory fees are the amount charges on those businesses that manufacture and distribute products (Prince, Wu, Guo, Robledo, O’Donnell, Sullivan & Yusuf, 2015). In relation to sugary products, the government will impose higher regulatory fees on companies and industries that produce very sugary products and less amount to those that produce less sugary or non-sugary drinks. Proportional pricing initiatives, on the other hand, requires that the amount charged on sugary drinks be charged in regard to the amount of sugars contained in that particular drink. All these policies will lead to reduced consumptions of sugary drinks as producers might avoid higher charges by the government. In return, there will be reduced cases of obesity thus, lower medical costs, high self-esteem and self-confidence.

To conclude, the general public should take precautions themselves regarding their health (Shi & Singh, 2014). The government may be willing to protect its citizens from any kind of diseases but without the willingness of individuals, all is in vain. Obesity is a chronic disease which can easily cause the death of an individual; therefore, human beings should avoid consumption of sugary drinks and food to ensure they live a healthy life. The government, on the other hand, should continue imposing pricing policies on commodities such as sugary drinks to ensure that they are consumed at minimal rates. There should be set laws to guide the operations of those companies which produces sugary drinks to ensure sugars are standardized.

References

Augustovski, F., Alcaraz, A., Caporale, J., Garcia Marti, S., & Pichon Riviere, A. (2015). Institutionalizing health technology assessment for priority setting and health policy in Latin America: from regional endeavours to national experiences.

Byrd, W. M., & Clayton, L. A. (2015). An American health dilemma: Race, medicine, and healthcare in the United States 1900-2000 (Vol. 2).

Routledge. Rivera, J. Á., de Cossío, T. G., Pedraza, L. S., Aburto, T. C., Sánchez, T. G., & Martorell, R. (2014). Childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity in Latin America: a systematic review. The lancet Diabetes & endocrinology, 2(4), 321-332.

Prince, M. J., Wu, F., Guo, Y., Robledo, L. M. G., O’Donnell, M., Sullivan, R., & Yusuf, S. (2015). The burden of disease in older people and implications for health policy and practice. The Lancet, 385(9967), 549-562.

Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2014). Delivering health care in America. Jones & Bartlett Learning

 

 

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