Methodology

Methodology

The research methodology involved in the research included both qualitative and quantitative research study methods. Various studies by different authors were examined based on whether the rate of readmission of patients with cardiac diseases, who have home healthcare services, is lower than that of the same patients who do not have these home health services. The research includes the case studies, clinical trials, and academic researchers. Moreover, quantitative approaches are also utilized within the survey. Experiments based on the problem statement were taken into account while the utilization of computation and statistical methods was used in the calculation and, concluding the findings of the results.

Extraneous Variables

Extraneous variables would bring positive results and effects since they would not distort the results of the findings. The anticipated trends would be similar to the deductions that are made from the results obtained. These variables would come from the information of the participants of the study, and hence any variations in the study of the patients would otherwise provide errors in the study. The interference brought about would influence the overall outcomes of the results. According to Maltby, Williams, McGarry, and Day, (2014), if the patients may have clues to the questions that they would be asked, then there is a possibility of the variables being wrong due to errors emanating from the same.

Instruments

The primary tools to be used in the research involves the use of interviews, recording instruments, self-checklist, personal inventories, sociometrist devices, observation forms, performance checklists, tally shits, flow charts and diet lists. These devices are necessary for the study, and they would be categorized into two attributes, both for the researchers and those for the subject These instruments will also consider the diet and conformity of the patients with the diet they were trained to have the hospitals. On the other hand, the tools utilized by the researchers would help to understand how the patients are regarding health and contribute to understanding the patterns involved by these patients.

Testing Variability and reliability

For the variability and reliability, using the same questions as interviews for the questions the patients must answer. Through this approach, consistency will be achieved, and hence measures for the same would be calculated and estimated quickly. The basis through which this information will be correlated will be necessary for identifying the relationship among the same. According to Polit, and Beck, (2013), the same will result in positive results regarding findings and thereby improved quality of conclusions. On the other hand, the reliability of the findings can be argued on how much consistency can be depicted from the values obtained as results. If the research is repeated with different persons of different ages and the results are consistent, then reliability will be determined to be positive. The tool to be used in the course of the study is the consistent questioning and interview questions for the interview process.  According to Elo, Kääriäinen, Kanste, Pölkki, Utriainen, and Kyngäs, (2014), the consistency of the results would infer that the condition is similar in all aspects.

Description of Interventions

Interventions for consideration in the course of research include the visits to the home patients being more frequent, while the patients who do not have the home-based care were considered and various interventions involved on them as well. Regarding the training, it was important to incorporate approaches that included the provision of flyers and reading material comprised of various intervention to improve the safety and practice of the patients at home. The delivery of this equipment would be necessary since it would help to define how the patients must develop their strategies in understanding the provided training. Another intervention would be to ensure that each of the patients is examined on a regular basis for any complications that may affect them regularly. The continued response would be helpful in ensuring the patients are unaffected by the disease while still undertaking the study. Moreover, the same would help to make sure that each of the participants in the trial was healthy enough to complete the whole study effectively without having to withdraw from the same.

Data Collection Procedures

Both qualitative and quantitative methods will be used for data collection. The information obtained from these data collection procedures will be necessary to develop conclusions and deducing recommendations for the patients involved. The trends of patients who have the house healthcare services were examined through continuous checking of their health status, the times they have been admitted to the hospitals and readmitted, the chances of them being affected by the cardiac diseases, and their response to how they feel. Through the same measures, the patients who do not have the home-based healthcare services were examined and details of the same compared. The questioning of the participants in the study involved the use of interview questions that helped to determine the response of these patients and how their health seemed at the time of reaction.

References

Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Pölkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngäs, H. (2014). Qualitative content analysis. SAGE open4(1), 2158244014522633.

Maltby, J., Williams, G. A., McGarry, J., & Day, L. (2014). Research methods for nursing and healthcare. Routledge.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2013). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

 

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