Moving Upstream

Moving Upstream

It is claimed that all people are born equal, but this mostly refers to the legal aspects as all newborns have equal rights. Some issues, however, may be overlooked as people think about early life since all the children do not have equal capabilities and physical strengths since these factors are genetically acquired. Also according to Lamberty, Gontram, Coll, and Cynthia Garcia (2013) boys have 14% chance of being born early than girls and even if both are born at premature age boys have high risks of death and disability than girls. Girls mature earlier than boys even in the uterus, and therefore the premature birth does not adversely affect them because their organs are mostly developed.

Organs development is vital in early stages as it determines the body’s resistance to diseases and other health-threatening conditions and this is carried on to adulthood. During the very young age, the body has a chance of developing the capability to detect and fight pathogens and diseases since components like white blood cells and the general immunity system are developed well during this stage. Failure to develop strong immunity system and proper development of critical body organs by kids makes them weak and vulnerable to diseases infection in future.

One major challenge in addressing the upstream risk is the increased cases of polio, rickets, kwashiorkor and other diseases that can be prevented in the third world countries that lack proper health policies and strategies. The health conditions remains a big challenge because vaccines for these conditions are readily available and therefore this can be termed as major neglect by parents leading to cases of such conditions in times where health advancements have taken a center stage. Increase in pandemic diseases like HIV/AIDS has also been a major challenge in maintaining proper children health especially in African countries where the increased cases put the newborns at risk of contracting the disease if proper care is not taken.

One of the ways to help improve the children’s health is through emphasizing the importance of prenatal and postnatal clinic as the mother’s health is directly or indirectly translated to the child’s health (Lamberty et al., 2013). Secondly, it is important to develop rules and regulations that ensure that all the children undergo vaccinations of some of the life-threatening conditions like polio to prevent them from future health risks.


Lamberty, Gontram, Coll, & Cynthia Garcia. (2013). Puerto Rican Women and Children: Issues in Health, Growth, and Development. Springer Verlag.


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