Napoleonic Wars

Introduction

At the end of 18th century Napoleon return to France as a consul after he had fled from the British in the middle of the Egyptian fiasco. Immediately after his return he met with provincial consuls Roger Duos and Sieyes in the palace of Luxembourg to discuss plans on how to make France supreme again since the country was in political, economic, religious and moral turmoil that had shaken France supremacy. Some effects of the French revolution were positive for example introduction of capitalism, replacement of feudalism by free peasantry however true democracy was something only Napoleon enjoy since only him and him alone had the powers to nominate leaders of his choice to political seats. Different French nationals had varied opinion on Napoleon leadership some saw him as a true leader who had brought key changes to France while others saw him as a corrupt individual who used France to pursue his self-interest.

Effects of Napoleonic Wars

Bonaparte ruled France for close to 15 years as First consul then emperor upon which different countries and kingdoms who didn’t agree with his policies suffered at his hands. Due to his military prowess he was feared for his military tactics saw France trounced many of his enemies like Austria in the battle of Austerlitz in 1805 and to Prussia at Jena in 1806 among many more. As a single ruler with great military attack formation he almost brought the entire Europe to his command. Some kingdoms like Naples, Northeast Italy, and Switzerland all came under Bonaparte since they enjoyed military protection against their sworn enemies. His rule came down crumbling after his defeat in the war of Waterloo by the British and consequently suffered a huge defeat at the hands of a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia at the battle of Leipzig in Germany by October 1813.

As a way to punish the British Napoleon ordered a closure of ports and coast of the European continents used by Britain as entry points for British goods. The planed worked at first and by 1810 England was in great economic crisis as French economy thrives on the industrial revolution. It didn’t take long before the French textile factory came under threats of closure due to lack of raw materials which led to industrial action and revolt both from within and outside and later the ban collapsed as England established their own blockade for French goods

Conclusion

In conclusion Napoleon wars made great changes both in the political, economic and religious without forgetting military sectors of all countries that rubbed shoulders with Bonaparte. Some changes were positive while others had adverse effects on the poor citizens of such country. Despite his death in exile and humiliating defeat in majority of kingdoms and countries he had prior conquered he is still considered as one of the great rulers with prowess in military combat

References

Chapter: 30 in a Comprehensive Outline of World History by Jack E. Maxfield

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