Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards

Natural hazards are those events which occur naturally without the influence of human beings and have adverse effects on living things. Examples of natural hazards include flooding, earthquakes and hurricanes. The natural hazards tend to threaten people’s lives, property and other resources. Natural events can be predicted as they usually occur in given regions as a result of climatic changes or geographical characteristics such as landslides and upper hill, natural hazards differ.

How the procedures can be applied to natural hazards

Risks of natural hazards         

Risks which may result from natural hazards may include deaths, and severe injuries which might lead to disabilities.

Prevention of natural hazards

Natural hazards such as earthquakes and flooding in most cases cannot be prevented although there are still chances to bring damages to their minimal. In the case of flooding, for instance, people in a given region may decide to dig ditches whereby, instead of water flooding when there are heavy rains, the water will settle in those ditches.

Mitigation of natural hazards

Mitigation is the act of preventing or reducing the risk of life, social activities, property and economic activities (Blaikie, Cannon, Davis & Wisner, 2014). For an effective mitigation process, individuals with a duty to mitigate hazards should incorporate both structural and non-structural measures in upcoming development. Also, should examine ways to lower the vulnerability of existing structures and natural resources and finally, undertake training on mitigation with state and federal governments support.

Similarities of the procedures

For natural hazards which include tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, house fires, floods and tsunami, for instance, have similarities. They require individuals to make a disaster preparedness plan, to be familiar with it before the disaster and ready to act upon it in case the unthinkable has happened. Preparedness plan involves keeping one’s family most important documents in a safe place in the case where you may need to grab them and leave the house; one should have a well-stocked go-bag which will ensure safety, warmth, feeding and any medical needs for a few days.

Differences in the procedures

For tornadoes, an individual should familiarize him or herself with tornadoes warnings sigh by watching the sky whereby, it will get dark suddenly; one should learn the reality of tornado myths. For hurricanes, one should prepare his or her home by boarding up windows with plywood or installation of storm shutters. For earthquakes, an individual should ensure that his or her home has undergone earthquake check-up.


Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I., & Wisner, B. (2014). At risk: natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters. Routledge.

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