Nuclear power plants

Nuclear power plants

Nuclear power plants use the heat generated from nuclear fission in a contained environment to convert water to steam, which powers generators to produce electricity.  Local and state governments, federal agencies, and the electric utilities have emergency response plans in the event of a nuclear power plant incident. The plans define two “emergency planning zones.” One zone covers an area within a 10- mile radius of the plant, where it is possible that people could be harmed by direct radiation exposure. The second zone covers a broader area, usually up to a 50-mile radius from the plant, where radioactive materials could contaminate water supplies, food crops, and livestock. Human errors in these plants creates danger and accidents at a nuclear power plants is people may be exposed to radiation.

One Natural Hazard is the Technological hazards.  Technological hazards include hazardous materials incidents and nuclear power plant failures. In many cases, victims may not know they have been affected until many years later. Technical hazards can occur during production, storage, transportation, use, or disposal.  For example, health problems caused by hidden toxic waste sites—like that at Love Canal, near Niagara Falls, New York—surfaced years after initial exposure. (Technological Hazards – FEMA.gov; https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1549…/technohazards.pdf)

Chemical manufacturers are one source of hazardous materials.  The risk of fire or explosion is high during a chemical explosion.  These can be the result of a terrorist event, where the product is made and released into a transportation hub.  This can also cause severe breathing issues to those who are impacted by the release of the chemical.

Retrieved Dec. 7, 2017, https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1549-20490-6362/technohazards.pdf

 

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