Nutrition and Age Groups

Nutrition and Age Groups

The advice given by medical practitioners is the same across both sexes.  The slight variations that may occur between males and females in terms of diet and nutrient requirements are mainly because of hormonal differences between males and females.  For example, the blood lost during menstruation increases the need for daily iron intake in females. However, a healthy diet may be different across different age brackets. It is therefore critical for nursing professionals to have a deep understanding of the components of a healthy diet especially when dealing with aged people. Focusing on the major nutrients required across different age brackets in both males and females, it is important to note that people in their 20’s need to consume more folate, calcium and iron( Geissler & Powers,2017). The main reasons why the group needs more iron is because the process of building bones is still ongoing and they need strong bones. People in the age of 30 years need to pay special attention to magnesium and calories. The reason is because the metabolism starts slowing down and calories intake must be reduced to prevent the accumulation of excessive weight. Magnesium rich food is emphasized to regulate blood sugar and blood pressure. Diet for people in their 40’s maintains the same composition of being rich in mineral but should emphasize more on foods rich in antioxidants. Vitamin E and C are critical so as to destroy the harmful free radicals that are in the body. When it comes to people in the 50’s and above the diet should emphasize on calcium and Vitamin B12 as well as vitamin D( Geissler & Powers,2017).

From the article, the older adult requires more calcium as women experience rapid loss of bone during menopause. Men on the other hand need more calcium after attaining the age of 71 where the risk of bone fracture rises significantly. The necessity of vitamin of Vitamin B12 in older people is to make nerves, red blood cells as well as DNA. It is critical to note that a majority of the older people does not produce adequate hydrochloric acid for vitamins absorption from foods and vitamin supplements are recommendable.

References

Geissler, C., & Powers, H. (Eds.). (2017). Human nutrition. Oxford University Press.

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