The Health Problem Being Addressed
The main problem being discussed is the effects brought about by obesity, how to avoid it as well as the increased health risks over the years. This had crossed boundaries to the point that children of less than 15 years of age are being affected by the problem as opposed to adults as it was back in the 90s when obesity was discovered
The Underlying Biological Process of the Health Problems
According to the Kahrass, Strech, and Mertz (2017) obesity is the number one driver of most heart deceases and to some extent cancer. Obesity is developed by too much consumption of surgery and fat foods, where the individual after consuming the food staffs, tends to exercise less where the excess energy from the food staff consumed is later stored in the body as fat. As a result of the storage, the individual increases excessively in size to the extent that the body cannot function normally.
What Makes This Health Problem Obesity a Public Health Problem?
The reason as to why obesity is becoming a public health problem is the increased number of patients with obesity, with research showing that most of the patients who exceed the numbers are unknowingly suffering from the health condition. Additionally, obesity’s effects have impacted the economic and social lives of the patients where most of them are derived from the two factors. As a result of the impacts and the increasing number of obese patients, the health condition is becoming a public health problem since if one is not directly affected; they are indirectly affected in one way or another.
The Pervasiveness of the General Medical Issue
About 2.8 million individuals die every year because of being obese, and obesity-related problems cause an expected 35.8 million of world DALYs. The overall pervasiveness of the health condition has about multiplied in the vicinity of 1980 and 2008. An expected 205 million men and 297 million ladies beyond 20 years are obese (Roberto, Swinburn, Hawkes, Huang, Costa, Ashe & Brownell, 2015)
The Incidence of the Public Health Problem
Americans were the heist with regards to obesity popularity, based on the WHO statistics. This is because Americas contributed up to 62% of overweight in both male and female and 26% of the total obesity cases. The least affected in the World Health Organization regions was South East Asia with 14% share for both male and female. Europe and eastern Mediterranean also accounted for a small percentage of 3% for obesity In the In the World Health Organizations section also the Americas where more than half of ladies were obese (Visscher, Heitmann, Rissanen, Lahti-Koski & Lissner, 2015). On the other hand, Eastern Mediterranean ladies had double the weight pervasiveness of men, which in general the data is alarming.
The Economic Burden of Obesity as a Public Health Problem
Obesity has contributed significantly to economic impacts, in the healthcare sector. This is brought about by the medical cost where it is later divided into direct and indirect economic effects. The direct consequences include treatment and preventative expenses, while the indirect impacts are morbidity and mortality costs including productivity For example issues such as Insurance. Where an employee pays higher life coverage premiums and pays out additional for specialists’ remuneration for representatives, who are stout than for workers who are most probably not.
What Are the Ethical Issues Related to Obesity
Ethical problems associated with obesity use risk prediction tools in clinical practice. Ethical concerns incorporate the likely unintended psychosocial outcomes of arbitration upon guardians and kids, for example, slander, fault, and parental blame. Existing exploration here recommends there is parental vulnerability about the recognizable proof of future risks of overweight amid earliest stages, and additionally particular tensions about shame and naming of kids.
Issues of Health Disparities among Population Groups Related To Obesity
Sturm, (2017), explains that recent research shows that the health condition is more prevalent to the black American community, compared to the other community’s which was a deferent case, in the past. This, therefore, makes them a key focus group when fighting for implementation of obesity policies and other alliances that are geared towards fighting the condition.
Enacted Policies to Address the Public Health Problem
According to Sturm, (2017), the government has over time developed policies to limit the obesity problem, for example, their community educative platforms as well as campaign such as shape up America. Other proposed suggestion is the use of the media campaign in a move to impact healthy diets consumption such as eating fruits as well as showcasing the disadvantages of junk food and lack of exercise. Introducing the healthy living education as part of the school curriculum to impart knowledge about the health condition and its effects has also been helpful in reducing the rates of obesity. The funding of bicycles as a form of transportation to most people has also lead to burning of calories and therefore reducing the obesity risk.
How Would The New Policy Improve the Current Situation?
Through the suggested policies and recommendations towards improving the prevalence of obesity, more people will have the knowledge and the importance of eating a healthy diet, and also the advantages brought about by regular body exercises. For example the media campaign, as well as the bicycle funding program.
The Cost Issues in Implementing the New Policy
The funding is not specific with regards to figures at the moment. However, the cost of implementing the policy and proposals is not expected to be high. This is because increased levies from junk food stores and other transportation mean that increase the prevalence of obesity will add to the cost of developing more cycling paths as well as the campaign funding. On the other hand, introducing the healthy diet program in schools will have very minimal value regarding financing.
The Legal Issues in Implementing the New Policy
The only legal problem towards the implementation of the policy is the taxation amendments of the foods, and exercise activities that could increase the prevalence and reduce the obesity cases, consecutively. This is because it might take time for the implementation to take effect as well as it might have opposition from the involved parties, for example, companies like MacDonald’s
The Political Issues in Implementing the New Policy
The federal government is to bare most of the initiative, based on the campaigning proposals recommended, the taxation policy to implement and also the developments to initiate. The implementation process, also narrows down to the funding of all the projects and the question is who is to oversee the funding process as well as overseen the recommendations for effective outcomes.
The Health Disparity Issues in Implementing the New Policy
Health disparities range from income quality of education as well as the general living standards of the community, which contribute towards a healthy and quality living standards. This is because they affect the ability to access healthy food and affordable places to exercise which later contribute to increased rates of obesity and other related illnesses
The Expected Health Outcomes from the New Policy
Dietz, W. H. (2015), explains that, if the new policies implemented will subsidize the cost of healthy food, as well as promote a healthier lifestyle, for example through exercise. The healthy living standards will be readily achievable as well as the community will be well knowledgeable about ways to avoid obesity and its health effect. As a result obesity development will decrease significantly in the long run.
Would You Vote To Enact The New Policy?
The answer is yes I would vote for the implementation of the new proposed policy. This is because of the benefits brought about if it was effectively implemented, for example, diseases that are brought about by obesity as a health condition such as cancer, diabetes, and other heart diseases will reduce by far. Also, the financial support used by patients through the condition will be put into better use, and lastly, the new policy will develop a new and healthy society, which is ready to work towards economical social and political development.
Dietz, W. H. (2015). The response of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to the obesity epidemic. Annual review of public health, 36, 575-596.
Kahrass, H., Strech, D., & Mertz, M. (2017). Ethical issues in obesity prevention for school children: a systematic qualitative review. International Journal of Public Health, 1-8.
Roberto, C. A., Swinburn, B., Hawkes, C., Huang, T. T., Costa, S. A., Ashe, M., … & Brownell, K. D. (2015). Patchy progress on obesity prevention: emerging examples, entrenched barriers, and new thinking. The Lancet, 385(9985), 2400-2409
Sturm, R. (2017). The effects of obesity, smoking, and drinking on medical problems and costs. Health affairs.
Visscher, T. L. S., Heitmann, B. L., Rissanen, A., Lahti-Koski, M., & Lissner, L. (2015). A break in the obesity epidemic? Explained by biases or misinterpretation of the data?. International Journal of Obesity, 39(2), 189-198.