Teaching about Diabetes

Diabetes has become one of the chronic conditions and contributing to a huge number of deaths all over the world. This, therefore, has raised concerns not only in the healthcare sector but also in the nation at large and therefore creating the need to promote or rather create awareness on the condition, therefore, helping reduce its effects through training and teaching people about the condition and how to control it. Diabetes leads to an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevation of levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes can be categorized into Diabetes type 1and Diabetes type 2. In this paper, two articles concerning Diabetes type 1 and Diabetes type 2 will be considered, and an annotated bibliography of the two articles will be intensively assessed regarding their content and their contribution towards teaching about Diabetes.

Annotated bibliography

Wherrett, D. K., & Daneman, D. (2009). Prevention of type 1 diabetes. Endocrinology and metabolism clinics in North America, 38(4), 777-790.

Type 1 diabetes is a disease which destroys the pancreas’s beta cells leading to the production of a low quantity of insulin (Wherrett & Daneman, 2009).  This makes a patient’s ability to monitor insulin levels to decrease.

  • The pathogenesis of T1D is a framework that is very important in making considerations on prevention and curing the disorder.
  • Susceptibility to T1D is inherited through a series of genes, these relate to the HLA class II locus of chromosomes, and this has a lesser contribution for other genes, and also includes the insulin gene, CTLA4, and others.
  • The susceptibility genes are vital but cannot fully explain the immune system pathogenesis of T1D as most people with this disability have not been in a position to discover the disorder.
  • In understanding the treatment of type 1 disorder, one has to also understand that an exposure of one or more environmental triggers changes the immune system and this converts the susceptibility to pathophysiology, therefore, leading to the destruction of beta cells.
  • The numbers of factors that are associated with clinical trials are small despite the intensive search for environmental triggers.
  • In type 1 diabetes the first metabolic disability to be diagnosed the loss of the insulin secretion, and this is about a load of intravenous glucose.
  • The levels of glucose remain normal in response to changes in meals and the glucose tolerance only develops late.

At this point, an increased effect leads to the next phase which is clinical diabetes. Understanding the various phases and of the disorder is vital as one knows the stage at which intervention can be made and the effect it would have on someone’s health. This, therefore, makes it very critical in diabetes training session. This article is relevant in the study as it tries to explain how the disorder affects the body and also the sequential changes that occur once someone has the condition, therefore, moving the condition from one level to another. This, therefore, makes it critical when explaining the scientific issues that are associated with the disorder during the training session.

Pratley, R. E. (2013). The early treatment of type 2 diabetes. The American journal of medicine, 126(9), S2-S9.

Type 2, diabetes has become a major concern globally as it is one of the leading causes of mortality rate and this is mainly due to micro and macro-vascular complications that are associated with the condition (Pratley, 2013).

  • An early intervention however as soon as there is the discovery of glucose levels abnormalities are discovered greatly assist in minimizing the burden of the condition.
  • The disease management, however, is challenging as during the early stages the disease is asymptomatic and therefore making the diagnosis process hard.
  • The article discusses the early intervention in the condition and emphasizes on the trials in showing the progress of type 2 diabetes.
  • The article goes further to show how the pre-diabetes condition can be addressed. This is done through the existing evidence-based guidelines developed to make an optimization of the standards of care at the pre-diabetes and also over type 2 diabetes stages.

The information in this article is relevant and helpful in the diabetes training as it explains how the condition can be controlled. Creation of awareness has been a great challenge in the condition as most people do not understand the effect of the type 2 diabetes and therefore the article has come out clearly and explained the various stages of the type 2 diabetes. The treatment process of the various stages is also varying critical as lack of information is the greatest contributor to the escalation of the condition.

In conclusion type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are a great threat to the people’s health worldwide greatly contributing to the mortality rate. This is also a great challenge to the health sector and the government at large as there is increasing rates of the condition worldwide and managing the condition is a bit expensive. The analysis of the articles, therefore, will be helpful in providing the vital i9nfrmation about the conditions and therefore making it easy to train.


Wherrett, D. K., & Daneman, D. (2009). Prevention of type 1 diabetes. Endocrinology and metabolism clinics in North America, 38(4), 777-790.

Pratley, R. E. (2013). The early treatment of type 2 diabetes. The American journal of medicine, 126(9), S2-S9.





Forced migration can be defined as the movement of people from their domicile to another. This movement can be enhanced by factors such as natural tragedies including drought, floods and famine (Gemenne, 2014). Another cause of migration can be search for better opportunities especially in the western countries where many believe there are many viable opportunities. Civil wars can also force people to move from their original lands. These wars may be caused by political situation, race and religious beliefs. There are many people who have migrated due to political induced situations such as post-election violence. When a government intends to develop an area, it may displace the residents of that area for instance when building roads, mining in that area and building of airports. In essence, these people are mostly paid huge amounts of money and as a result may opt to migrate to their coveted western countries without much thinking.

Outline of the Essay

Migration in the recent days has become a threat to security in the countries where people migrate into. With the increase in number of immigrants in western countries such as the United States of America, United Kingdom and other developed countries, there is tendency to increase the level of crimes. Immigrants may consider turning into criminal activities in cases where they feel unappreciated in the new country. Also, when these people do not find what they were aiming to get in the new country, they may adopt bad behaviors such as prostitution and robbery. This happens when they lack the opportunities such as jobs in that country.

Security can be considered in many aspects. A country’s security can be risked in terms of; inadequacy of resources. When there are too many immigrants in a country, the country may lack enough resources to feed all of them which may render a country being unable to provide (bankruptcy) and a shame to other states. This is considered as instability of the country since its not able to maintain its people. Another threat is that too many people in a country who might be jobless may lead to crimes rising in these countries (Lazaridis, 2016). Western countries are considered more productive and thus immigrants may turn to robbery and murder crimes to generate money. Since these states are expensive to live in, they find that engaging in criminal activities may be an easy breakthrough. They may also form gangs that threaten the security of these countries.

There are also societal security threats. These are influences that immigrants may have on the residents of that state. Some immigrants may be demoralized and this may hence influence those residing in the state they have migrated into. This will lead to the adoption of bad cultural activities and immorality increase which is a threat to the society at large (Lazaridis, 2016). The traditions of that community are hence lost in the long run. For example, communities that uphold honesty and respect may be corrupted by immigrants who come from societies that do not regard respect highly. The society may adapt to these trends and end up losing their dignity in the long run. Corruption of behaviors may make a particular state to lag behind since even in professional sectors; there will be influence of this bad behavior.

This essay will hence focus on all these threats that are brought about by immigrants into the western countries in particular. These will be explained in detail and remedies to these security threats will be established since security is a large aspect.


Lazaridis, G., 2016. Security, insecurity and migration in Europe. Routledge.

Gemenne, F., Barnett, J., Adger, W.N. and Dabelko, G.D., 2014. Climate and security: evidence, emerging risks, and a new agenda. Climatic Change, 123(1), pp.1-9.

Nonverbal Feedback

Nonverbal Feedback

Nonverbal communication plays a critical role in one-on-one interaction. Nonverbal communications act as a complement to the verbal communication channel and therefore making communication effective (Baack, 2017).

Some of the nonverbal communication cues include Kinesic cues, space, touch, appearance, artifacts, and paralanguage (Baack, 2017). The way people sit, make eye contact and pay attention to an individual can be said to be nonverbal feedback. This is used to determine the level of understanding and interest an individual has on the message being passed. To effectively communicate the nonverbal cues must match with the verbal communication. Analysis of nonverbal feedback application can be addressed in considering the nonverbal cues that are used and how effectively they make communication feedback easy. For example, if an employee does a good report and presents it to the boss the wards ‘job well done’ and accompanying this with a handshake and a smiling face can help drive the message in a strong way to the employee.

Nonverbal feedback helps in making sure that a message is relayed and understood by the target audience. The tool is effective in that it helps the sender in effectively conveying the feelings and is complemented by the verbal communication. Nonverbal feedback also has a direct link between the emotions and empathy of an individual. This, therefore, helps to effectively share the meaning of the communication intended to be communicated. It is easy for an individual to effectively detect if there is a mismatch of the nonverbal and verbal feedback in the different situation where it is applied. A good example can be in the case of a training session where all the employees can show that they fully understand what is being thought through the facial expression and the different body language. The nonverbal communication cues can be incorporated by individuals to make message conveying and effective.


Baack, D. (2017). Organizational behavior (2nd ed.). [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://ashford.content.edu


Apple Inc.

Apple Inc.


Apple Inc. is one of the biggest technology companies in the world as well as one of the best with regards to revenue and sales over the years. The American based firm was established in 1976 by Steve Job and other two members. The firm’s main force was to develop personal computers at first which has changed over the years with the introduction of other technological gadgets such as iPhone, iPod, and services such as iTunes, as a way to increase its relevance in the industry and also customer satisfaction.

Impact of Apple’s vision, stakeholders, and mission statement

Based on the success that Apple Inc. has developed over the years it is contributed more by the company’s mission and vision statements. Also, the mission statement has been changing over the years based on the companies shift in their perspective and priorities in the technology industry. For example, the company’s mission statement states that “Apple is committed to bringing the best personal computing experience to students, educators, creative professionals and consumers around the world through its innovative hardware, software and Internet offerings.” The mission statement philosophy of the company has been achieved through the constant and improved technological gadgets that the company produces. Additionally, the company has proved to be the biggest innovation center in the technology industry. As a result of the innovation and product quality, the company has been able to breach the gap between what the customers want and prefer and what they provide in the market. According to Blenko, Waldron, Cornelius, Nespoli, and Lee, D. (2016), Apple Inc. is one of the leading companies with regards to customer satisfaction which is as a result of the mission statement.

Additionally, Apple’s vision statement is “We are constantly focusing on innovating.” The company has over the years invested a lot regarding innovation and creativity, which as a result the firm can produce quality technological products. Moreover, the vision statement also focuses on simplicity and collaboration which is achieved through collaborations in the development of gadgets such as the smartwatch, as well as applications such as iTunes which are user-friendly and simple yet provide quality service to its users.

On the other hand, Apple values it, stockholders, a lot which is one of the major factors of its success. The firm’s stockholders include investors, customers, suppliers, and distributors as well as its employees. This is portrayed through the salaries and allowances paid to the workers, where the company was voted as one of the best employees because on how they treat their employees, as explained by Kramer, (2017). According to Asquith, and Weiss, (2016), Apple is one of the most profitable firms in the world; this is because of the inverters relationship with the company. For example, over the years the investors have prioritized their interests based on the profit maximisation factor of Apple Inc., as a result of the strive towards attaining the responsibility the company, on the other hand, improves regarding success. The suppliers and distributors of the company are as well considered by the company, for example, the frequent contract reviews and the strictness on the company. For example, the company monitors a lot with regards to its supplier’s remuneration and job security for the employees. As a result, the suppliers tend to comply with the high expectations of Apple which in turn develop into effective and efficient performance towards success.

The Five Forces of Competition

According to Rothaermel, (2015), the five forces of competition consist of, industrial competition, the bargaining power of suppliers, threat developed by substitute products, and customers bargaining power and also the threat of new companies in the market. The five forces impact Apple Inc. as follows:

Customers bargaining power

At this point, organizations focus on collective customer bargaining power and the single bargaining power. However, as for Apple, the single customer bargaining power has no impact towards the company’s revenue. But the collective customer bargaining power based on the market forces could Couse the company significant effects. To effectively control the competition force, Apple continues to develop new and innovative products to its customers, meaning that the customers have a variety to choose from as well as the increased features that keep that eliminate the threat caused by customer barging power.

 New Entrants to the Marketplace

The threat that new companies in the technology industry is relatively law based on Apple Inc. this is because the competition in the tech industry is very stiff as well as the capital to invest for a new company to compete with Apple is too high to manage. On the other hand, the new companies would take a lot of time, energy and financial support to develop a bigger brand name such as Apple, to develop competition. However, the company keeps on developing new and high-quality products for its customers in a move to establish customer loyalty to avoid competition.

Bargaining Power of Suppliers

The competition impact with the suppliers bargaining power at Apple is significantly low. This is because Apple has an extensive variety of suppliers to choose from as well as the suppliers in the industries as most of them are willing to work with Apple. On the other hand, Apple controls the supplier’s bargaining power through subdividing their responsibilities meaning that one supplier is responsible for on product or service, for example, one supplier only develops computer processors. Additionally, the company is strict on its requirements and responsibility of the supplier’s which helps the company to counter check the suppliers.

Threat 0f Substitute Products

Substitute products are the biggest threat among the five competitive forces for Apple. This is because the technology industry keeps on changing based on the fact that innovation and creativity are high in the sector. As a result, Apple challenges the substitute products by providing increased capabilities of its products and services the company offers. As a result, the firm can remain relevant in the industry as well as maintain its customers.

SWOT analysis for Apple Inc.


The company has shaped a strong brand name in the market for all its products due to the quality and the constant upgrades of its products depending on the needs of the customers. The company has a robust and developed center for its research and development compared to its competitors. The Apple company has the resources, based on the financial gains and revenue collected from the wide variety of products, which all post success regarding profits from the market. This is because the company has been able to fight the current market pressure to reduce the cost of its products. Based on the quality of products the company has produced, it has got a larger number of loyal customers for its products and services. The other strength is that the firm is a pioneering company in the world, giving it lead into the un-ventured markets (Khan, Alam, & Alam, 2015).


The charges of the Apple products are high, and it poses a threat and gives an advantage to the competitors, who price their products cheaper yet with the same aspects and quality. Decreases in the market share also bring the problem of less revenue and relevance in the market. It is mostly caused by the closed encryption of the Apple system, like the iOS.

Other businesses in the industry blame the Apple Company for not following the patents, which damages its reputation. The death of Steve Jobs and later exit of Scott Forstall and John Browett impact the company negatively.  The company expects fall due to the competition and the pricing aspect of the Apple product. This is because the company only sticks to the same products, like the iPhone, yet the tech industry is experiencing changes.


The technology industry provides a lot of opportunities on a daily basis based on the changes and the evolvement of the sector. As a result, Apple is one of the notable companies, opportunities such as the firm can improve or upgrade the ITV features could easily eliminate competition and increase sales based on the company’s brand name. Investing more in online stores, compared to the current situation in the market. For example, iTunes could also provide movies instead of just music. The other price is the reconsideration of its product by providing cheaper gadgets in the market yet with high quality. And lastly, Apple Inc. can increase the mobile phone adverts features, having allowed the company advertisements to run on their product


Intense competition is one of the threats affecting Apple Inc. The major competitor of iOS is the Android OS in the mobile market. Financial emergencies hurt Apple deals since shoppers do not spend excessively in basic circumstances. iTunes is also recognized as a threat as it is a free platform for downloading music and it may affect the benefit and successes of Apple online store. The escalation of tax renews in the USA also affects the Apple’s growth. For example, Samsung is a particular case which provides application processors to the firm, and it has grown the pay and advanced the purchasing costs. Apple pays more because there are no possible substitutes who could provide it with the application processors.

Strategies for the company to capitalize on its strengths and opportunities

One of the strategies to implement is using the company’s brand name to market its products. For example, the company does not need a lot of marketing for its new products compared to new entry companies. Also, the company should take advantage of its innovation and creativity center since it is one of the best in the industry. As a result, the company should innovate new features continuously to eliminate competition and increase its revenue.

Increasing its target market into new markets is another strategy to implement. The company should not only be comfortable with the high sale of its product but focus on dominating the market. For example, the company should forces on Africa as a target market. Moreover, the company should consider reducing its selling price since most of the products are too costly for most people to purchase. As a result, the firm would increase sales as well as profits.

The Types of Strategies Apple Inc Can Implement For Increased Competitiveness and Profitability

One of the major strategies to implement is the innovation aspect of the company; Apple Inc. should be the pacesetter for creativity and innovation of new features and products in the technology sector. As a result, the company would remain relevant and on the other hand eliminate competition (Khan, Alam, & Alam, 2015).

Additionally, Apple Inc. should adopt the Wallmart strategy so selling more products at a lesser price. This is because the company will make a profit as well as dominate the market based on the quality of its products.

The communications plan to implement the recommended strategies

Since Apple is an international company with branches all over the world, the communication strategy to implement would be newsletters as well as meetings. This is to be achieved through sending a newsletter based on the recommended strategies that the firm wants to implement, in all its branches departments as well as the suppliers (Khan, Alam, & Alam, 2015). After the news later is received the heads of the companies or departments are to hold a briefing meeting to its employees about the recommendation. Additionally, each employee should have a copy of the strategies to effectively perform their duties towards the set objectives and also the copy should act as a referencing point for all the stakeholders involved.

The adopted corporate governance mechanisms at the firm

One of the adopted cooperate governance in the company is that the  Apple board members oversee the CEO of the company as well as other senior management posts, in a move to instill competency and ethical practices in the firm. Also, the board is responsible for auditing as well as making sure that the interests of its stockholders are achieved efficiently, and also the practice is maintained for continuity

On the other hand, the major strategies of the Board are formulated and implemented by the company’s Corporate Governance Guideline additionally; the firm’s executives are trusted upon to take into account proactive measures, as a centered approach to deal with their responsibilities. Also developing measures that assure the Company is focused based on its obligation and attainment of the firm’s objectives.

The effectiveness of leadership within Apple Inc

Apple Inc. CEO the board has solid control, of the company based on the authoritative structure that the company adopts. This means that the company practices the autocratic type of leadership. This is evident based on the fact that pioneers such as Tim cook have control over every activity happening in the organization, to the point that they have the mandate to stop or kick-start a project without having consultations with other managers, and employees. The leadership structure also practices the top-down approach to communication.

However, Apple as a company has developed the rigidity between the employees and the management team. As a result of this, the employees, as well as other stockholders at Apple, do not have a chance to contribute to their ideas and opinion. If the company were to transform the authoritative aspect of leadership and accommodate everyone’s opinion the company would increase and succeed at all platforms such as brand name, revenue, customer satisfaction as well as eliminating competition (Heracleous, & Klaering, 2014).

Apples ethical responsibilities

Apple has over time majored in decreasing energy or power consumption of its products as a move to protect the environment. As a result, the firm has established 100% renewable energy branched in over 23 countries. According to Clarke, and Boersma, (2017), Apple is the only company to win the clean energy index award towards the environment.


Asquith, P., & Weiss, L. A. (2016). Dividend Policy (Apple Inc.). Lessons in Corporate Finance: A Case Studies Approach to Financial Tools, Financial Policies, and Valuation, 239-259.

Blenko, D., Waldron, K., Cornelius, J., Nespoli, G., & Lee, D. (2016). ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS: APPLE RETAIL STORES.

Clarke, T., & Boersma, M. (2017). The governance of global value chains: Unresolved human rights, environmental and ethical dilemmas in the Apple supply chain. Journal of Business Ethics, 143(1), 111-131.

Heracleous, L., & Klaering, L. A. (2014). Charismatic leadership and rhetorical competence: An analysis of Steve Jobs’s rhetoric. Group & Organization Management, 39(2), 131-161.

Khan, U. A., Alam, M. N., & Alam, S. (2015). A Critical Analysis of Internal and External Environment of Apple Inc. International Journal of Economics, Commerce, and Management, 3(6), 955-961.

Kramer, M. (2017). Brand purpose: The navigational code for growth. Journal of Brand Strategy, 6(1), 46-54.

Rothaermel, F. T. (2015). Strategic management. McGraw-Hill Education.

Deference between the Qualified CV and the Unqualified

Deference between the Qualified CV and the Unqualified

At first, the unqualified CV is more limited with information meaning that, the individual is more reserved than the qualified CV. As a result the unqualified CV loses expression skills which is required for a competitive job vacancy, the verifying team’s first impression and mostly the job vacancy in question of a Project Manager at Deloitte US | Deloitte & Touche LLP requires expression abilities to be well fashioned to fit in the position since it is more of a public relation position than an office one. On the other hand, the academic qualification of the unqualified CV is a bit shallow, and also some of the requirements are not achieved. For example, Deloitte US | Deloitte & Touche LLP requires a proven track record of five-year work experience, where the unqualified has two years work experience compared to 12 working years of the qualified CV. In addition to the limiting factors of the unqualified CV, it portrayed no technology experience as the job being offered requires.

Deloitte US company Performance Appraisal

Project managers’ position

At Deloitte, the company aims at developing your and innovative minds towards attaining there career goals and objective, through providing equal opportunities, resources and also good working conditions for the employees to exercise their abilities both local and internationally. The following is a performance appraisal of the Project managers’ position

Key Areas of Evaluation


The job requirements are moderately achieved with regards to the employment contract as well as the job advert for the project manager’s position. Areas such as technology implementation, knowledge and use are still underperformed. On the other hand, time management is still an issue that requires immediate improvements for the organization and the employees to succeed. However, output levels, decision making and solving complex situations are well performed.

Communication skills

It is one of the best-performed areas in the organization; this is because communication, as well as information flow, has been effective for both up down and down up with regards to the organization’s structure. Consecutively, the section would require a bit of improvement based on communicating the organization’s culture goals, and requirements to new employees to foster a conducive working environment

 Innovative Thinking

Poor performance with regards to creativity and innovation of both ideas as well as working strategies. The area needs significant improvement for its to attain the organization’s expectations as listed in the job requirement document.

 Strategic Planning

This section involves plans as well as effective implementation to towards the organization’s objectives. The employee has shown commendable efforts to attaining there set gals as well as effective strategies for archiving them. However, communication in this section needs improvement; this is because not every employee is conversant with the long-term plans of the organization as they are with the gaols to be attained in the short termgaols.


Praiseworthy efforts have been noted over the past work duration, for example, punctuality, communication, teamwork and also the supervisory role of the organization’s project. As a result, the employees are appreciated for their endless effort in working towards the organization’s goals. But also, time management, creativity and communication sections don’t seem to improve, which requires immediate action to resolve the problems experienced in the section.



Question 1

For a manager to encourage teamwork and collaboration, the manager should create a favorable environment for a group of the workers through the provision of security, financial resources, and time for socializing. Formulation and creating groups among the employees and implementing strategies of rewarding the best group if they make the largest sales is also very important in an organization. Rewarding the successful team will motivate the workers to work together and achieve the target goals (Price, 2004). Instead, of focusing on the personal progress, the workers should consider progress in the company through these groups, and it’s the role of manager to initiate this through the creation of a conducive environment.

Question 2

The words affirmative action means a process where a company increases the participation of protected groups such as women and minorities in the workforce (Connors, 2009). On the other hand, affirming diversity is a managerial process of establishing an environment that utilizes the potential of all employees by considering diversity. The workforce is moving from affirmative action towards affirming diversity to develop an environment that maximizes the potential of all employees by considering diversity (Holzer, 2010). When workforce moves to diversity the company’s profits will increase respectively as compared when the workforce is in affirmative action.

Question 3

The first diversity I have experienced in my workplace is gender. Gender discrimination is a frequent employment violation in my workplace. There is a notion of gender inequality where women are most disregarded as compared to men when it comes to employment. This leads to mistrust, creates tension and decreases production. For instance, when a woman is receiving a small amount of payment as compared to the male employee in the same job rank and qualifications this will create a tense atmosphere.

When workers are not treated with respect, they may lack fairness, and this may lead to decrease in production. However, to solve this problem gender equality should be upheld in all workforce. Equal treatment of workers and respect regardless of gender should be upheld.

Religion is another issue. Religious diversity is another issue that brings about challenges in the workforce. In my company, people have different belief and comes from different denominations while others do not value either. For example, some people prefer not to work during Saturdays since according to their faiths this day is Sabbath, and you are not supposed to work. This contrary affects the production workforce in a company due to absenteeism. In another case if accompany upheld religious faith some people who are non-believers fails to participate. However, for the company to deal with this problem, it has to respect people’s faith and respect them (Holzer, 2010). Each employee should be guaranteed free off day to go and worship according to his or her faith, and this will be respecting their faith in the company.

Thirdly, disability is another diversity issue. Physical, mental, and emotional disability is another affect employee in my area. In my company, we have one employee who faces a lot of challenge to mingle with others since he has shorter leg than the other one. This condition makes him feel uncomfortable to relate to other colleagues. This means he cannot be able to handle difficult works as compared to other normal employees, but the company offers good payment more than other employees. This creates hatred and mistrust among some workmate in the company. In a process to solve this problem, the company should provide opportunities that equally fit people with disabilities different from others and the salary should be harmonized according to employee’s job rank and specification to reduce the mistrust.

Question 4

Diversity enhances benefits in an organizational through the provision of a conducive environment that maximize the full potential of employees.  Through employing all kind of people from the different vicinity, ethnicity, and backgrounds, it provides a room for employees to exercise their potential in the workforce. Also, through diversity affirmative, the company will boast it profits since they employ people from all aspects. Different people bring new ideas that will increase inventions and innovations in the company hence increase in profits. Another benefit is that it provides access to opportunities to many people without excluding any person. This helps to eliminate and reduce discrimination in workforce’s policies and practices in a company.

However, diversity may contribute to the following problems in accompany. First, it may bring about the conflict in the organization when an employee is a victim of gender discrimination. Workers might argue on instances of gender inequality and may have problems relating to each other since the company is unfair to some of the employees. For example, if a male employee is promoted ahead of the female employee in the same job without any considered criteria it will bring mistrust in the management. Another problem is a decrease in production and profits in the company (Schneider & Segura, 2014). The idea of religious beliefs and faith may influence the output of a company as the employees concentrate on their faiths more than the development of a company. Absenteeism will affect the performance of the company. Also, it may incur high cost in diversity management. When an organization is undergoing workplace diversity, it may incur cost during training supervisors, managers, and employees.

Question 5

The statement means that if employees fail to respect and value each other in a code of ethics, they will not cooperate and work together towards the common goal. When employees fail to adhere to ethics in a job, there will be poor communication, mistrust, conflicts which will lead to poor performance in a company. The effect of poor performance is decreased in profits and growth for a company.

Question 6

Workforce diversity is a company with many employees with a wide range of characteristics and experiences. Employees from different areas bring about new ideas and perspectives which when incorporated will increase the productivity of the organization. Increase in productivity leads to an increase in profits and growth of the company.

Question 7

For a company to have a strategic training and development in the workforce, the company must engage the employees in adopting the advanced technology. New skills, equipment and use of modern technics should be taught to employees to enable the company to gain the competitive advantage. Every employee should be familiar with technology including use of computers in production in the organization.

Another point is involving the employee in strategic planning. The company must state its goals, mission, and vision when taking the employee in training and development. Every employee should be trained towards the achievement of the company’s goals and should work to provide the benefits to the firm. Managers and employees should be involved in strategic planning during training to achieve the goals together.

The company management should incorporate this strategy during training such as increased problem solving, innovation ideas, creativity, and system flexibility and this will enable workers to have a diverse thinking and can handle activities in most efficient ways. The management should make provision of necessary resources available to allow workers to function effectively. Incorporation of these skills after training will lead to the development of the organization and gain competitive advantage.

The management should make provision of necessary resources available to enable workers to function effectively. Incorporation of these skills after training will lead to development of the organization and gain competitive advantage.


Connors, P. G. (2009). Affirmative action. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

Holzer, H. J. (2010). Enhancing Diversity through Affirmative Action. Equal Opportunities? 211-227. doi:10.1787/9789264086395-9-en

Philpot, D., & Pasquini, L. (2016.). Training and Development. Handbook of Research on Workforce Diversity in a Global Society, 244-261. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-1812-1.ch014

Price, A. (2004). Human resource management in a business context. Australia: United Kingdom.

Schneider, B. E., & Segura, D. A. (2014). From Affirmative Action to Diversity: Critical Reflections on Graduate Education in Sociology. Sociology Compass8(2), 157-171.

Baseline Mechanics

Baseline Mechanics


Baseline mechanics deals with the qualitative methods used to obtain the original data on the particulars of a crime that has been committed. This entails the use of research to obtain a clear view of the behaviour of individuals and the roots behind the acts that are done by that particular person (Hazard, 2014). Research executives are used to finding out the information which in turn forms a strong base for a certain crime. In other words, baseline mechanics refers to methods that are used by crime analysts to obtain original information in the understanding of human behavior about particular crimes being investigated.

Example of Baseline Mechanics

The Locard’s Exchange Principle can be used as a baseline mechanic in criminology. This principle states that the person committing a particular crime brings it into the scene and also must leave something that is of use during investigation due to the contact involved while doing the offence and this will hence be used as evidence against the wrongdoer. These proofs include fingerprints, hair, blood, marks on paint and semen and a good example is in rape cases, and therefore in crime scenes, forensic is obtained by professionals as the baseline of the crime (Hazard, 2014).

An example of a crime where the exchange principle was used is;

Use of hair, fibres and fingerprints

Danielle- Westerfield Case.

A girl named Danielle van Dam who lived with her parents in California was reported missing, and a few days later her body was found where the neighbor Westfield was taken as a suspect although he had gone camping in his RV. This was because hairs of the van Dams dog were found in the neighbor’s RV and fibers from Danielle’s carpet. Fingerprints were also looked into the crime although no traces of their neighbors were found.


Conclusively, baseline mechanics in criminology provides original details to a crime and forms a basis of evaluation of that particular crime. The use of the mechanics gives the investigators clear focal points as to where they should form a base of an investigation.


Hazard, D., & Margot, P. (2014). Forensic science culture. In Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (pp. 1782-1795). Springer New York.

Medical Group Practice

Medical Group Practice

Forms of Medical Group Practice

According to Kralewski, Rich, Feldman, Dowd, Bernhardt, Johnson, and Gold, (2000), a group practice is a shared responsibility between the patient’s physical scape as well as the care service. The primary objective of group practice is meant to achieve goals like meeting quality metrics and streamlining operations and participation in customer contracts that reward higher quality care and more efficient performance. The following are the various common forms of medical group practices.

Accountable Care Organizations

This model highlights three primary standards, including neighborhood responsibility, shared investment funds, and execution estimation. That implies that the Accountable Care Organizations are comprised of neighboring local delivery systems, are qualified for shared funds when use falls beneath a particular benchmark and are required to report persistent experience information alongside clinical process and result measures.

Medical Homes

A medical home is a way to provide patients with a central primary care practice that will coordinate care across settings and providers. That often means a physician leads a team of clinicians in the delivery of all of a patient’s healthcare services. While this group practice model isn’t new, it’s one that’s been shown to lower costs, improve care, and even reduce burnout among physicians.

Concierge Practices

On the other hand, the concierge practice tries to give more access to doctors by restricting the number of patients at any given time. Customers pay a month to month expense that is charged straightforwardly and consequently increase expanded connection with their specialists, frequently including boundless and more extended arrangements and access using telephone and email. A few practices additionally charge safety net providers for persistent administrations.

For a newly licensed practitioner, the medical home practice is the best medical group practice to implement this is because of the easy to implement it and managed it, and also the cost of operation is cheaper. On the other hand, it is the most straightforward form compared to other group practice approaches

Changes in the Role of Physicians in the Medical Practice

The medical practice is one of the most changed service delivery areas over the past 20 years. This is because of the increased implementation of technology, education management as well as diversification (Collen, & Ball, 2015). For example

Over the past twenty years, the doctor’s role has had significant diversification, based on the doctor’s specification, experience, and expertise. The change has evolved due to the environmental need for specific expertise in service delivery in the health sector/. On the other hand, the physician role has expanded in that a doctor can provide care services through devices such as mobile phones, and computers, where the patient is provided the service remotely. The service has changed to the point that the physician can diagnose and prescribe drugs to a patient. This is mostly influenced by the increased use of technology as opposed to the traditional face to face medical service.

Challenges That Today’s Physicians Face as Members of a Medical Group Practice.

Besides the changes have brought about challenges that affect the physician in the implementation of group medical group practices such as,

  • How to evaluate the cost of service delivered per patient or session
  • On the other hand, the other challenge is how to cope and manage the consistently rising cost of operation in the service delivery process associated with a medical group practice. For example, Managing finances with the uncertainty of Medicare reimbursement rates
  • The other challenge is the lack of EHR interoperability, where physicians are unable to electronically transfer all the information they require or need to share, and when they are able, the practice is too tiring which requires them to switch screens, log in to new systems and manually enter data. According to Collen, and Ball, (2015)., there are very few physicians who can have complete interoperability, moreover, Collen, and Ball, (2015) explains that about 6% of medicinal services suppliers can viably and proficiently share information with different clinicians who utilize an electronic health record (EHR) framework not the same as their own

Competencies That a Physician Should Demonstrate.

For a practice manager to be successful, effective and efficient communication is one of the critical aspects to have, this is because a fruitful practice director must have the capacity to impart and tune in to their staff. Practice supervisors set the tone of the workplace by showing how best to communicate with patients and representatives. Achieving objectives, exhibiting appreciation, and making yourself accessible to your staff are fantastic approaches to create a positive and gainful workplace. On the other hand, practice managers should be specialized as well as specific to their profession in that they can provide the quality service as well as answer directly and confidently patient question about their illnesses as well as the medical practice in general. The other competencies are that practice managers should be well vast with their environment, in that they should learn the systems thoroughly, through acquiring experience through understanding their daily activities efficiently.

Hurdles That a Physician Might Face In Group Practice.

  1. Busy Schedules

Physicians in any practice are challenged with the task of having to deal with patients during the day and filling in reports and physical paperwork concerning their future schedules and other activities. At times, the physicians can be tasked with additional administrative work, thereby reducing the time for the nurses and physicians to relax or be with the patients. The busy schedule, therefore, affects their productivity in various sectors.


  1. Software Certification Clarification

Technology is dynamic and changes as time progresses. The IT department in the healthcare system face these changes, and there is need to abide by the software and technological clarifications in the given industry. It is important to follow the regulations to be well-informed in creating the high-level of competency required with the advanced technologies. The healthcare system is expected to ensure they understand the products and services they offer and how the technological advancements are done to benefit their system. Certification criteria that are published by the Electronic Health Network Accreditation Commission should be agreed with as argued by the Modern Healthcare Systems.

  1. 3. Issues with Audits

Tracking patient information from paper records becomes hard as the time progresses since the papers may be lost or torn. There is software with the capability of creating and holding patient records for an indefinite time, which can be useful to be used for long-term and short-term. This data can be stored in external hard drives and other cache sites.


Functions of HRM Necessary to Attract and Retain the Type of Employees Required

According to Pope, Kautter, Leung, Trisolini, Adamache, and Smith, (2014), for the human resource management in medical practice to maintain high retainment standard of the practitioners to implement the following

  1. Providing the employees a platform where they can air their views as well as share their discomforts to the employee without discrimination or subjection. As a result, the employees feel included in the institution and also develop the sense of belonging
  2. Implementation of fairness and equitable treatment of all employees where there is no favoritism in work allocation as well as the remuneration process should be implemented with regards to qualification and experience for the practitioners. As a result of this implementation, the employees fill motivated since their performance is measured by the quality of service delivered meaning that future success is guaranteed.
  3. Appreciation of the practitioner’s service delivered to the institutions. For example, promotions from internal recruitment, gifts as well as bonuses for brilliance in performance.

Consumer Behaviour That the Physician’s Practice Management Should Consider

Improve Patient Flow.

A productive and effective customer schedule is one of the major factors to consider. For example, establishing a maximum scheduled time for every patient, such that the physician is expected to utilize about 20 minutes per patient. As a result, the physician can eliminate boredom as well as overloading themselves for efficient service delivery.

Improve Communication through Handouts.

The physician should minimize the unnecessary phone calls for simple questions through using brochures. This is because they can concentrate on both clinical subjects as well data about the training. Through the use of handouts about their patients’ conditions or medicines can likewise help center the visit with the goal that essential data is suitably communicated

Empowering Through Education

Health data tends to be most useful when users are searching for particular facts or information. In any case, the manner by which data is offered can restrain its effect. Purchasers can be befuddled by comparative, yet not indistinguishable, data from numerous sources that frequently vary in quality. As a result, the practitioners should improve implement the empowerment practice as a marketing approach.


Kralewski, J. E., Rich, E. C., Feldman, R., Dowd, B. E., Bernhardt, T., Johnson, C., & Gold, W. (2000). The effects of medical group practice and physician payment methods on costs of care. Health services research, 35(3), 591.

Collen, M. F., & Ball, M. J. (Eds.). (2015). The History of Medical Informatics in the United States. Springer.

Pope, G., Kautter, J., Leung, M., Trisolini, M., Adamache, W., & Smith, K. (2014). Financial and quality impacts of the Medicare physician group practice demonstration. Medicare & Medicaid research review, 4(3).


Real Estate

Real Estate

Real Estate Organization Management

A real estate is a form of tangible assets which may be considered to be buildings, buildable land including warehouse, apartments, offices and retail space. Also it may be termed as land and all fixed and immovable improvements like buildings (He, 2014). Challenges facing real estate may be based on their characteristic which may affect their value either positively or negatively.  Features of real estate are divided into both economic and physical characteristics. Economic features include improvement, scarcity, permanency and area preference. Physical features, on the other hand, include non-homogeneity, immobility, and indestructibility (Mera & Renaud, 2016). The scarcity of land is a significant challenge that real estate organization faces in the manner that supply of land is limited and cannot be produced more than what exists in it.

Non-homogeneity of land is another challenge facing real organizations businesses in the sense that some parcels of land which may seem similar are not usually alike. For example, a 40 acres land in one region may have a higher value than another same size of property in another place. Therefore, the real estate managers will work tirelessly to ensure they obtain pieces of land in areas where many people may prefer to purchase lands such as outskirts of capital cities. Immobility of land is a challenge to real estate businesses in that property cannot be moved as it is immobile. This physical feature affects real estate law and markets.

To enhance productivity, engagement, and morale by managers, they should ensure that they apply the following strategies;

  • Improvement. The building of companies in isolated areas where there are few or no industries will lead to increased standards of living due to the introduction of jobs. This value will impact on the neighbouring community and hence, increase the value of real estate there as well.
  • Permanency. Real estate management should include infrastructures such as drainage, electricity, and sewerage in their buildings such as apartments and offices as many people will prefer places with foundations intact.

Managing property by real estate managers is not easy despite how long an individual has been in that business due to day-to-day changes. Some of the management challenges experienced include; dealing with aggressive and abusive owners and tenants whereby, while dealing with both the owners and tenants in incidences of finances, the crisis may arise. Drug-Addict tenants are another challenge whereby, it becomes hard for the manager, to deal with the tenant (Head & Alford, 2015). The potential impacts of these problems on organizational success are that, due to hardships experienced by managers while dealing with owners and tenants, one can quit the job no matter how best he or she was in it. Once the best manager has resigned from work, the productivity of an organization may decline and might take some time before going back to where it was initially. With dropped productivity, organizations’ revenues might go down which might lead to some employees losing their job positions.

As a manager of real estate organization, I would recommend effective communication between managers and individuals who have invested with them. With two-way communication, the managers will be able to tell their expectations to those who have invested with them. Also, the people who have invested in their organization will be able to express their feelings hence ensuring a better relationship which will lead to a better working environment for managers. I would also recommend that managers should increase investor’s satisfaction by providing satisfying services to their investors (Epstein & Buhovac, 2014). One of the examples as stated above, apartments should have utilities such as drainage, sewerage and electricity to ensure their comfort.

A manager can take various actions to enhance employee productivity, engagement, and morale which includes; designing economic incentives so that both senior and junior workers in an organization can benefit from them. With incentives to all the workers, all will feel recognized thus, working to their capabilities in their assigned duties. Respect workers as individuals in addition are another action by a manager of the people. The feeling of being respected is good (Renigier-Biłozor, Wisniewski, Kaklauskas & Biłozor, 2014). With respect to both parties within an organization, productivity will increase as a result of high levels of engagement by workers toward achieving the set goals due to morale created within them by respectful managers.

One of the insights gained from effective people management is that leadership is all about impact, influence, and inspiration to all. The impact is about getting results; influence involves spreading the passion for one’s work. Finally one should inspire fellow employees and target group.

The manager’s role in encouraging employee productivity and engagement include keeping people motivated and engaged through giving feedback, empowering employees, and holding one-on-one meetings with employees. A good manager should bring the best out of people by helping them realize something within themselves which they did not know existed through leading by example and being selfless. A good manager has an understanding of what people expect from him or her (Baronin, Yankov & Bizhanov, 2014). He or she knows what to do in the morning once he has arrived in the workplace and what to finalize with as he leaves the work, he knows what his employees are supposed to do each day thus, ensuring a successful organization.


Baronin, S. A., Yankov, A. G., & Bizhanov, S. A. (2014). Assessing the cost of real estate lifecycle contracts in Russias present-day economy and the characteristics of the European experience. Life Science Journal, 11(8s), 249-253.

Epstein, M. J., & Buhovac, A. R. (2014). Making sustainability work: Best practices in managing and measuring corporate social, environmental, and economic impacts. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

He, B. (2014). Chinese intellectuals are facing the challenges of the new century.

Head, B. W., & Alford, J. (2015). Wicked problems: Implications for public policy and management. Administration & Society, 47(6), 711-739.

Mera, K., & Renaud, B. (2016). Asia’s financial crisis and the role of real estate. Routledge.

Renigier-Biłozor, M., Wisniewski, R., Kaklauskas, A., & Biłozor, A. (2014). Rating methodology for real estate markets–Poland case study. International Journal of strategic property management, 18(2), 198-212.


Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler is a renowned figure in the German political arena. He was Nazi’s political leader and chancellor in the 1930’s. The Nazi party was based on a totalitarian system of governance where authority from the constitution and parliament was not recognized


The occurrence of the great depression in Europe paved the way for Adolf Hitler into power. The people placed their faith in the Nazi and communist parties in eliminating democracy as it served to weaken and demean authority. Weimar’s difficulty in solving the economic issue initiated loss of faith from the public and enhanced Adolf’s rise into power. Adolf aimed to restore economic welfare in the region and to enhance employment in the state


The high population of European Jews also enticed Hitler to seize power. The Nazi party layout policies which were racist and anti-Semitic. The party laid blame on the Jews for all misfortunes that befell the Germans.[3] They believed that the Jews were the backstabbers and had led to German’s defeat in the First World War. Adolf Hitler authorized the death of more than five million people in camps during his reign in Germany both Jews and slaves.

Hitler’s entry into power was not based on public welfare but rather from political greed and thirst for power. A dictatorship characterized his political reign. He overthrew all other parties and killed many innocent civilians. His reasons for power were not valid but only sentiments to allure the masses to his side. He only surrounded himself with those leaders who effected coercion and dictatorship in their governance and eliminated those who sort to embrace democracy and sympathy.[4]

[1] Payne, R. (2016). The life and death of Adolf Hitler (Vol. 8). Brick Tower Press.

[2] Burnham, W. D. (2016). The 1930s realignment of German politics shows that in times of crisis, political equilibriums can quickly fall out of balance. USApp–American Politics and Policy Blog.

[3] Ibid

[4] Ibid