Provides an overview of the issue being analyzed and briefly describes main points of argument. Composes a thesis that states the argument that will be supported and proven throughout the essay. Writes multiple paragraphs that are focused, clearly state their intent, and build the thesis argument. Body paragraphs communicate argument by combining thoughts and ideas with evidence. Addresses and refutes opposing viewpoints in a way that strengthens the argument. Reviews claim and summarizes key supporting points of essay. Articulates insights about argument established through the analysis, following argument logically, referring to key points or quotes used to support argument.