Planning a Day’s Meals
Nielson, Gando, Joensson and Paulsson (2012) explain that diabetes Type 1 occurs when the glucose controlling hormone insulin, which makes beta pancreatic cells, becomes decimated by body’s immune system. Insulin hormone aids in moving the synthesized glucose from the bloodstream to body cells for energy production. The deficiency in insulin production leads to buildup in blood sugar while the body cells are starved (Nielson et al., 2012). When the condition is not properly controlled, it may lead to dehydration, weight loss and body damage.
Day’s meal plan for Jason
Taking the right meal at the right time can help regulate the blood sugars and therefore the patient can live a long and health life. Maintaining the level of blood sugars within the range (between 70 and 130 mg/dl on daytime) given by the doctor is important to having good health. The range can be adjusted by injecting insulin when needed, diet regulation and involving oneself to activities or physical exercises (Sheard, Clark & Miller, 2004). Consistency when taking type 1 diabetes diet is important to maintain the required levels. The meal recommended should be nutritious while reducing high fat and sugar content food.
Whole grain meals such as bran cereal, wheat bread and brown rice, eggs as source of proteins, fruits preferably oranges or grapefruit would be a good for breakfast.
The packed lunch for Jason should be enough to meet his daily requirement depending on appetite and activities involved in. A pack of oatcakes, sandwich thins would be good. Fillings should be added such as banana and raisin sandwich, grated reduced-fat cheese, grated carrots and hummus (Sheard et al., 2004). Another option would be a whole meal pitta pizza, slice of fruit bread, carrot sticks, pear and water.
Fish fillets meal, salad made from non-starch vegetables or vegetables with pasta. According to Sheard et al., (2004), to maintain a balanced diet during soccer practice day, snacks will be a good supplement. Snacks with less carbohydrate are preferred such as prepared peanut butter sandwich, oz light yogurt mixed with berries, ready to eat cereal and a banana.
Consideration that nurses should be aware of include controlling body weight to avoid any case of overweight or obese condition which maybe resistant to insulin (Sheard et al., 2004). Also, monitoring the blood sugar levels occasionally is recommended.
Nielson JV, Gando C, Joensson EA, Paulsson C (2012) Low carbohydrate diet in type 1 diabetes, long-term improvement and adherence: a clinical audit. Diabetol Metab Syndr
Sheard N, Clark NG, Miller JC. (2004) Dietary carbohydrate (amount and type) in the prevention and management of diabetes: a statement by the American diabetes association. Diabetes Care.