The work of Ochberg (2006) defines the condition as a mental disorder that develops in a person after exposure to a traumatic occurrence for example sexual assault, traffic accident, warfare or other life-threatening events. An individual with the PTSD displays symptoms such as increased arousal, physical stress, dreams among others.


Reference to Pacheco (2012) reveals that cognitive behaviour therapy counselling serves as one way of treating the disorder. Ochberg (2006) explains that the method employs drugs referred to as SSRIs. Ochberg (2006) further notes that the medicines are one of the most efficient treatments for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The approach enables culprits to have an increased control of self-emotions. The therapy also reduces symptoms. During cognitive counselling, an individual learns the art of changing fictitious thoughts regarding the traumatic event (Ochberg, 2006). The SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) acts as antidepressants. The drugs uptake reduces sadness and worries within a person. The medicines include fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline. Moreover, the antidepressants medications improve anxiety feelings, stress and related problems. The drugs also reduce sleeplessness and results to concentration improvement. Pacheco (2012) notes that the SSRIs drugs suppress nightmares in individuals with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The specific drugs taken affect the way a person’s brain suffering from PTSD feels. The chemical raises the level of serotonin in one’s brain. The SSRIs improves non-combat symptoms (Ochberg, 2006). The treatment assists a person with the disorder in learning behavioural techniques for relaxation and restructure thinking patterns. Turning to (Ochberg, 2006) one finds that the anti-depressants help foster appropriate communication in a victim between nerve cells (Ochberg, 2006). The drugs also treat the condition by diminishing the likelihood of forming negative emotional memories after exposure to a traumatic event.


Ochberg, F. (2006). Explaining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is Part of Treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. N.p.

Pacheco, E. (2012). Alleviating trauma: A therapeutic handbook for therapists treating survivors of intimate partner violence. N.p.

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