Production methods

Production methods

The alignment of production methods is very significant in determining the effectiveness of the staff employed in a particular firm. Therefore, the structure of production employed should be convenient and compatible with the needs of the staff as well as evolving market needs. Batch processing can be considered a performance of a job with reduced human interaction. The method saves any firm time and money which renders it viable (Jacobs, 2014). On the other hand, line processing is where the operations are undertaken by one department to the other in a sequence (Heizer, 2016). In an organization, the determination of the most convenient structure helps in gaining a competitive advantage over other firms hence achieving success in the evolving market.

Batch process helps in completion of a specified number of jobs by a specific department before they are forwarded to another department (Jacobs, 2014). To speed up the rate of production, all the products are completed separately in line process. When the process of production is being converted from batch to line, there is the likelihood that efficiency and reliability of production will be achieved (Stadtler, 2015). However, changes will be made in the layout of the production department, the level of technology, resources being utilized and method used for training staff. Upholding these changes will lead to the success of the new process.

Different departments will have to adapt these changes to boost efficiency. These departments include marketing, finance, human resource, accounting, and information systems. Since the marketing department is essential in raising awareness on the changes made by an organization, they should be well prepared to point out the positivity line process will bring to an organization so that smooth transition will be achieved. The marketing department will need to focus on pricing, distribution channels, the volume produced, market segmentation and new products being introduced.

Employee’s relations like selecting, recruiting and training employees is a responsibility of the human resource management department. Employees are an important part of any organization since they will be running the production process. Training will hence be important to the employees to achieve a smooth transition from batch to line processing.  If employees are not adequately trained, the new line process method may be rendered ineffective since errors might be encountered upon implementation of the process (Cummings, 2014).  The human resource department has to be well prepared to ensure no errors are made by the selected employees. The human resource looks into training, job design, number of employees and the type of task

Change of the structure of an organization whether in production or any other activities directly affects the performance of the accounting and finance departments. Bookkeeping will be affected since original entries will differ from that input when the batch process was used. Accounting department will hence lean towards process costing, net present value and measurement of operations (Cummings, 2014). The finance department which is responsible for the dispatch of financial resources will restructure its budget to fit the requirements of the line process. The finance department will look into the availability of capital, level of investment and budgeting.

Upon the change of production structure, information systems that had been earlier used in the batch have to be adjusted to be in line with the new process. Application of new software and data systems to track the production process will be adapted to ensure high productivity (Groover, 2016). The information system will be keen on the development of software, needs of the line process, design of the systems and acquisition of hardware. Looking into all the departments will hence ensure a smooth transition from batch to line processing since they will be prepared in their area of concern.

References

Cummings, T. G., & Worley, C. G. (2014). Organization development and change. Cengage learning.

Groover, M. P. (2016).Automation, production systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing.Pearson Education India.

Heizer, J. (2016). Operations Management, 11/e. Pearson Education India.

Jacobs, F. R., Chase, R. B., &Lummus, R. R. (2014).Operations and supply chain management (pp. 533-535). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Stadtler, H. (2015). Supply chain management: An overview. In Supply chain management and advanced planning (pp. 3-28). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

 

 

 

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