Reaction paper

Reaction paper


Individual placed therapy is recognized as individual-placed treatment as well as customer-positioned service. It is considered a humanistic method that is seen to deal with the various ways through which individuals see or carry themselves consciously relative to how a human counselor can interpret their unconscious ideas and thoughts (Rogers, 2012). The ideology is seen to have come up in the early 1950s and was developed by one American psychologist by the name Carl Rogers. He argued that the approach views human beings as having an innate tendency to develop towards their complete potential. The person-centered counselling or therapy as it is commonly known is based on six principles with three principles referred to as the core or the active values. Out of the six principles, three are known as the core values (McCarthy & Archer, 2013).

Describe in detail the three core values of person-centered counseling

Unconditional positive regard                                                                                                   

According to Rogers (2012), unconditional positive regard is the ability of a counselor to be non-judgmental and show value to the client. Rogers assumed that for persons to develop and achieve latency there was need to be appreciated as they are. The scenario denotes to the psychoanalyst’s an unfathomable and honest kind to the client. The counsellor may not favor a customer’s activities, but the psychotherapist favors the punter. Rogers (2012) claims that the psychoanalyst should display boldness. The person-centered therapist is therefore cautious to continuously uphold an optimistic assertiveness to the customer, even after being offended by the customer’s activities (McCarthy & Archer, 2013).


Empathetic Understanding

The last of the core values, which is empathetic understanding, is the ability of the counselor to strive hard possible to understand the client’s experience and what the client expects. Empathy is the aptitude to comprehend how the customer is feeling (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). This denotes to the psychoanalyst’s aptitude a perceptive and precise [not sympathetically] customer’s experience and moods. A significant portion of the chore of the individual-based therapist is to trail exactly what the customer is feeling and converse to them that the psychoanalyst comprehends their feelings (Rogers, 2012).


Congruence refers to the state of a counselor’s complete authenticity. It is also referred to as genuineness. This is the highest important trait in therapy, conferring to Roger’s viewpoint (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). This shows that, dissimilar to the psychodynamic psychoanalyst who normally upholds an empty expression and discloses miniature of their personality in treatment, the Rogerian is ardent in allowing the customer to familiarize himself or herself as they actually are. The psychoanalyst does not hold a portico (like psychiatry), that is, the psychoanalyst’s interior and peripheral skills, are, one in the equal. This means that the psychoanalyst is correct.

Value of applying these aspects universally across all treatment approaches

The customer-centered therapy or counselling model is universally accepted and applied in all treatments globally (Yellion, 2017). Regarding treatment, congruence is applied in various scenarios since the counsellors and individuals administering treatment are fully genuine with what they tell the clients as well as with the advice and counsel they give to the audience (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). The professionals harbors a deep conviction that the counsel is the best for them and therefore are genuine in their guidance and their feelings to the clients’ situations (Rogers, 2012). The unconditional positive regard, which is the ability of the counselor to be non-judgmental, is seen, because the counselor is not subjective. The counsel is based not on perception, rather on what the client is really saying. The take ensures that the counselor delivers an un-biased judgment to the client (Yellion, 2017). It is therefore client based. Counselors demonstrate empathy, which is the counsellor’s ability to strive to understand the client’s experience by interrogating the client to find the root cause or even the duration of the condition faced by the client. It helps the counselor to chart an effective way and remedy to the client’s problem (Rogers, 2012).

The undertaking ensures that the client is not given a remedy for another condition other the one the one affecting them. It also ensures the counselor does not undermine or overlook some conditions or some effects (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). The use of the core values in client-centered therapy ensures that the clients are well counseled without omitting any of the conditions from the client. It also guarantees that the counsellor will shelve his or her feelings and opinions in order to make the outcome based on the client issues (Rogers, 2012).


This is mainly described as the scientific study of mental disorders. It includes the struggles to fathom the inherent, genetic, mental, and societal sources as well as actual classification structures (nosology) and sequence through all phases of development; appearances and cure. The concept could also denote the appearance of manners that show the occurrence of a cerebral disorder (Yellion, 2017). Empirical psychotherapy is a logical mode of treatment, which operates on the trust that internal conflict inside a being is owed to that person’s conflict with the absolutes of the same. The fundamentals, as renowned by Irvin D. Yalom, are the inexorableness of demise, liberty and its associated accountability, empirical separation, and insignificance (Längle, 2003). The four absolutes, also denoted to as final worries, make the figure of empirical psychoanalysis and create the outline in which a psychoanalyst hypothesizes a client’s disorders to come up with a technique of action (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). In the British Institute of empirical therapy, the absolutes are perceived as foreseeable strains and inconsistencies of the four scopes of hominid including, the bodily, communal and individual as well as divine kingdoms (Cooper, 2003). The Viennese Institute of Empirical therapy defines four central empirical extents as an organizational perfect of remedy. Their achievement (liberatingly permitted by the process of Personal Empirical Investigation) clues to individual empirical contentment (McCarthy & Archer, 2013).

According to Längle (2003), because there is no solitary empirical opinion, views on emotional failure vary. According to philosophers linked with Yalom, emotional failure comes from a person’s rejection and failure to handle the usual empiric nervousness, originated by challenging lifetime’s “absolutes”: humanity, separation, insignificance, and liberty. For other philosophers, there exists no such mechanism as mental dysfunction or psychological sickness (Yellion, 2017). Each method of existence is simply an appearance of in what way an individual selects to animate individual’s lifetime. However, one might seem unable to reach an understanding with the nervousness of existing alone in the biosphere. An empirical analyst could assist an individual to accepting the sensations rather than attempting to alter them as if they are somewhat incorrect (Rogers, 2012). Everybody has the liberty of selecting how they will live, though this might go unexercised since coming up with such decisions is problematic. It might appear cooler and innocuous to fail to make selections that an individual will be liable for. Numerous individuals will continue being ignorant of substitute varieties in a lifetime for numerous social explanations (Yellion, 2017).

Persons who relate to themselves generate an individualistic world (Längle, 2003). This element comprises opinions of their own personality, their past involvement, and their upcoming potentials. Inconsistencies are frequently felt in terms of individual fortes and faintness. Persons explore individuality, a sensation of existence, which is considerable, and has a personality (Rogers, 2012). Nevertheless, unavoidably numerous actions will challenge them with indication opposing the individuals into a form of misperception or breakdown. Action and inactiveness are a significant schism. Personal-assertion and resolve align with the previous, thereby submitting a yielding finality (Längle, 2003). Fronting the last closure of personality that originates from individual loss may lead to nervousness and misperception to countless individuals who have not hitherto surrendered their logic of personal-status.


Cooper, M. (2003). Empirical therapies (1st ed.). London: Sage Publications.

Längle, A. (2003). Empirical analysis (1st ed.). München: CIP-Medien.

McCarthy, C. J. & Archer, J., Jr. (2013). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy. San Diego: Bridgepoint
Education, Inc.

Rogers, C. (2012). On becoming a person (1st ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Yellion, G., (2017). Person Centred Therapy – Core Conditions | Simply Psychology. (2017). Retrieved 21 April 2017, from

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