Religious Pluralism and Globalization
Globalization is a phenomenon that is driven by international trade and investments where the integration of technology is employed to promote the global integration of people and communities around the globe (James, Manfred & Steger, 2010). Religion, on the other hand, refers to means of binding people together. Pluralism is a religion with overlapping but distinctive ethics and interests.
According to Albrow, Martin and King (2010), religion is not invulnerable from these progressions and their thriving impacts realized by globalization. Nevertheless, beliefs still have their distinct families’ in particular regional universes where they originally exhibited up and wherever their individual altars occur. The inner way of creeds and the motive to be clasped and elegant by people universally through the world stimulates it to spread all through the world’s land-dwelling spaces (Albrow et al., 2010). With a specific end goal to rise and spread, in this way, religions make excellent utilization of the advances of globalization. Having land limits and wildernesses obscured and disintegrated, religions hold the viewpoint that it is simple to spread and achieve all aspects of the world (Morocco World News, 2013).
In the current world, globalization has tremendously affected both the cultural and economic practices of people and countries. The advancements in Technology, Transport systems, and communication has greatly influenced people’s way of life and their religious beliefs. According to James et al., (2010) interactions of people from different geographic locations through activities such as games and sports has led to changes in cultural and religious beliefs. Also, Colloj (2012) states that the fluctuations have influenced the people’s way of identifying with their religion; creating a different version of what they truly believe.
Colloj (2012) explains that globalization may lead to the elimination of Churches with a purpose to solve the church issues. This claim is based upon the secularization hypothesis, stating that “the church-related matters would be more or less routinely dealt with by the discharging away of the religious, or at least the deletion of the church’s occurrence in the public square.” This poses a threat to the Christian believers who use the Church as a sanctuary for prayers and worship (Colloj, 2012). The Article continues to address the matter stating, “We need to deliberate how Christians might recount their faith to communal life while also encouraging the significance of respect for spiritual agreements of non-Christians in our assorted world.”
When considering developed countries such as Britain and the United States of America, the Branchoff article states that religion will eventually continue to decline until it finally disappears (Pologeorgis, 2016). As the Branchoff article argues, “Decline of worship is mainly based on the experience of modern Western Europe.”
Religion has tremendously benefited from the advancements in technology. The use of websites has enabled the Churches to provide information on their religion and explaining their programs to any person regardless of their geographical location. In some advanced Churches, the service details and information during the service is displayed on monitors and projectors to aid the crowd in visualizing the same (Pologeorgis, 2016). In addition to this, social media platforms such as Facebook provide online daily prayers and sermons to persons in different states.
Through globalization, the improvements in communication, specifically wireless transmission of data in Televisions has helped the churches that broadcast their services live. In the various countries, the channels are accessible anywhere in the globe (Goldblatt, David, McGrew, Held, David, Perraton, Jonathan & Anthony, 2010). Therefore, the visual religious teachings are availed to every state and directly to those viewing the channels. The undertaking has aided the Church in passing information to the public much faster.
According to Jan Aart Scholte, most religions are not bound to the countries in which they were begun. Globalization has pushed the religion to find fertile milieu to spread and thrive. He states “Enhanced globalization of topical times has aided co-religionists through the globe to have outstanding direct communication with each another.” The real inter-communication of the religious parties has helped them in deciding on forum topics and organizing such forums quickly globe (Goldblatt et al., 2010).
Dicken (2011) asserts that the article explains that improvement in both communication and transportation systems through globalization has aided Churches to globalize their teachings. Shipping cost has tremendously reduced while at the same time the same is possible with lightning speeds. The realization has helped the parties in developing real interaction between religions (Pologeorgis, 2016). As the report outlines “spiritual globalization which is an effort to endorse the universalism or unity of worship through administrative centralism or missionary activities is in existence.”
Conclusively, globalization has seen the religion improve adversely over the recent years. It is good to adopt and implement it while keeping the faith and personal belief high. Globalization will continue advancing and so should the religious news.
James and Manfred B. Steger (2010). Ideologies of Globalization retrieved from https://uws.academia.edu/PaulJames
Albrow, Martin and King, E. (2010). Globalization, Knowledge, and Society.
Morocco World News (2013). Religion and Globalization obtained from https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2013/01/75121/religion-and-globalisation-benefits-and-challenges/
Colloj. (2012). Effects of Globalization Retrieved from http://www.economic-geography.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98:effects-of-globalization&catid=98:inf&Itemid=85
Pologeorgis, N. (2016). How Globalization Affects Developed Countries received from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/10/globalization-developed-countries.asp
Goldblatt, David; McGrew, Held, David; Perraton, Jonathan, Anthony; (2010). Global Transformations Cambridge
Dicken, F. (2011). Branchoff Article retrieved from https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=KdQysbvA6hoC&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=Banchoff+religious+pluralism+in+world+affairs&source=bl&ots=GVwXMoMaMe&sig=aAy9RlimvDejBBjXqMU5c8vMTKM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=TUZOU6vwDo6V7AaZg4DgBw#v=onepage&q=Banchoff%20religious%20pluralism%20in%20world%20affairs&f=false