Sentencing Goals of Correction

Sentencing Goals of Correction

Among the five sentencing goals of correction, I think rehabilitation should dominate. The rehabilitation concept is based on assuming that being a criminal is brought about by a certain factor. The perspective, however, does not object the fact that people end up arriving at choices and decisions that break the law but rather it makes an assertion that the choices that people arrive at are not out of free will. The choice to commit oneself to perform a crime comes about as an influence from the surroundings of the person, their psychological development or how there are made up biologically. The fact that people possess individual differences is a major contributor of the shape of the behavior of persons and if breaking the law is a possibility for them. Some risk factors which are criminogenic include lack of love from parents, being exposed to delinquent peers, internalizing values which are antisocial and possessing a temperament which is very impulsive.

In rehabilitation, the judge is faced with the responsibility of choosing an avenue which is best and appropriate for the person who is convicted. The system of juveniles was specially established to cater for rehabilitation as a sentencing goal of correction.

Rehabilitation should dominate because the program follows some major concepts which exist. The concepts are based on the needs of the offender, and the goal of rehabilitation is achieved by ensuring that the specific needs of a law offender are catered for.

Rehabilitation offers basic education program known as General Education Development. The program is important in assisting an inmate during reentry into a community. It helps reduce the rate of recidivism once the inmate is released from prison. The incarcerated may also access the opportunity to further their education to the level of a graduate.

Rehabilitation gives a chance for entry-level job training. This is a form of vocational rehabilitation which equips inmates with working skills that they may make use of once they are released from prison. Once released the inmates have no job, and it may be hard for them to cater for their bills and basic needs. According to Berenji (2014) inmates who obtain vocational training had a routine of showing a reduction in the recidivism rates.

Some prisoners need help in knowing the concepts of social interactions. Rehabilitation can offer basic life skill programs. The life skill programs assist in communication skills, being empathetic, they give parenting tips and techniques, help in budgeting and in giving the best household skills. The programs assist the inmates to learn other forms of thinking and acting. In so doing, incarcerated persons get to acquire several methods that they may apply during frustrating and very violent circumstances. The aim is usually to assist inmates to get to learn other ways of handling frustrations without having to turn to crime and violent behavior.

Rehabilitation also offers programs which are cognitive or behavioral. These programs aim is to help in reshaping the thinking process of the offender. The hope is that the behavior of the offender will change. The program lays its focus on helping in developing worth for oneself and makes an investigation into the process of thought that led the offender into performing a criminal activity. A major theme applied in the rehabilitation form is to help in stopping behaviors such as drug abuse and violence.  As a result, offenders gain the habit of being responsible for their actions and can acquire the necessary cognitive skills that assist them in refraining from a repetition of similar choices.

The rehabilitative process also involves an element of pre-release services. It becomes an area of attention for rehabilitation within the last six months of incarceration. In this stage of rehabilitation, the management of the prison organizes conducting of final assessment for inmates who are supposed to be released.  The rehabilitation assessment is important because, by evaluation, the administration can look into and gauge how effective their reformation programs are. It also gives the offender an opportunity to be in a position to measure how well they are prepared to enter into the society as a citizen who is abiding by the laws. A benefit of self-evaluation is that it assists the inmate to come up with new goals of rehabilitation that they will focus on once they are out of prison.  The assessment also provides the administration with an opportunity to involve external stakeholders in the last stage of incarceration.

Including partners from the outside is an important aspect of rehabilitation. According to Ward (2002) many of the crime categories especially those that lead to incarceration has the law criminals, and victims of the crime come from the same neighborhood at home or in the workplace. It is therefore important to involve neighbors, police, faith communities and necessary acquaintances in the monitoring, plans and delivering of programs which involve pre-entry into the society.

The rationale is easy. Putting into consideration that more than 90% of offenders will be released at one point, it is important that the offenders feel a great sense of social control from the outside while behind bars, the lesser the chance of recidivism once they are free. In conclusion, rehabilitation comes along with many benefits of reforming as discussed and should be dominant among the goals of correction. `

References

Ward, T. (2013). Good lives and the rehabilitation of offenders: Promises and problems. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 7(5), 513-528.

Berenji, B., Chou, T., & D’Orsogna, M. R. (2014). Recidivism and rehabilitation of criminal offenders: A carrot and stick evolutionary game. PloS one, 9(1), e85531.

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