Signs and symptoms of Ebola

Signs and symptoms of Ebola

Signs and symptoms of Ebola begin showing 5-10 days after a patient is infected with Ebola or Marburg virus. And the common early signs are Fever, Severe Headache, Joint and muscle aches, Chills, Weakness. As time progresses the symptoms progress, and they become severe and the late signs of Ebola are Nausea and vomiting, Diarrhea (may be bloody), Red eyes, Raised rash, Chest pain and cough, Sore throat, Stomach pain, Severe weight loss, Bruising, Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and when close to death, possible bleeding from the ears, nose and rectum and Internal bleeding.

The disease is spread through body fluids contact with infected people. The body fluids that contain Ebola virus in a human being are saliva, faeces, mucus, tears, breast milk, urine, semen and sweat. According to research done by Hirschmann (2007) however, only people who are very weak or whose condition is extreme can spread the disease through saliva and so far no case has been ascertained to be caused by saliva. Most cases reported are spread through faeces, vomit and blood, and the common entry points of the disease are mouth, nose, eyes and cuts. The virus is dangerous as it can survive on a dry surface for a few hours and also a few days if in body fluids outside the bodies of a person.

 

Some of the non-specific laboratory indicators are low platelet count, increased or decreased white blood cells count. The laboratory diagnosis of the disease is confirmed through virus isolation and detecting antibodies against the virus or the RNA or protein in a patient’s blood. The virus is isolated from cell culture or RNA can be detected by polymerase chain reaction. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay can be used to detect proteins. The treatment process involves an experimental serum used to destroy the infected cells. The symptoms, on the other hand, are managed through oxygen, meditation of blood pressure, transfusion of blood, fluids and electrolytes as well as treatment of other infections that might suppress the body’s immune system.

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