Stroke Prevention

Stroke Prevention

Reviewing Article on Stroke Prevention

The article indicated that stroke and Transient Ischaemic attack (TIA) are medical syndromes mainly characterized by neurological deficits that are acute because of vascular causes (Lawrence, 2011). The article further states that a person experiencing a first stroke or TIA is considered to be at significant risk of encountering stroke. However, the medical fields has been able to identify existing risk factors and are mainly associated with various lifestyle choices such as diet, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, stress as well as the level of physical activity (Lawrence, 2011). The article’s author further indicates that the medical practitioners have established that the burden of stroke substantially is potentially reduced through targeted therapeutic interventions. The article was mainly aimed at providing an overview of any evidence that is directly associated to risk factors as far as stroke is concerned. This is by reviewing intervention techniques and health promotion theories used by health care providers such as nurses in addressing change in lifestyle behavior.

Reflection on Common Lifestyle, Behavioral, and Cultural Choices

Individuals aged 18years and above are potentially capable of contracting stroke. However, the older population has been indicated to be at higher risks (Buttaro, Frybulski, Polgar, Bailey & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). The younger population is expected to be more proactive as far as adopting healthy lifestyles with the main hope of eliminating any possibility of being affected by stroke when they reach 65years. However, there is a greater need of recognizing all the symptoms and signs associated with stroke. When individuals identify any signs or symptoms they are advised to seek medical attention quickly because the condition could get worse and possibly cause death. Moreover, the action has the potential of averting possible long term or permanent injuries. Therefore, it is paramount for individuals to have awareness regarding stroke and particularly identifying signs and symptoms (Buttaro et al., 2013).

Individuals who are 18years and older should choose to indulge in healthy meals and have minimum snack intake (Love, 2014). It entails having adequate vegetables and fruits since they play critical roles in averting stroke including its complications. It is important to understand that foods known to have low saturated fats, cholesterol, trans fats as well as high fiber have the potential to prevent individuals from being affected with high cholesterol (CDC, 2017). In addition, it is worth noting that minimum intake of salt in meals is capable of lowering one’s blood pressure that increases the risk of stroke. Taking the above meals and indulging in adequate physical activity is likely to prevent one from being obese. It is because obesity is a high risk factor for stroke and therefore important to have regular BMI calculation to determine health status (NHS Choices, 2017)

Ways of Educating Patients on Prevention Methods

It is essential to educate all individuals who are 18years and older on the causes, treatment, effects and treatments as far as stroke is concerned. This can be done by proving such a population with all necessary tools and educational knowledge that are necessary on stroke. This can be done by including the clinical condition in school curriculum where students will be exposed to learn more about stroke. Moreover, the category of population is at higher risk of being affected by stroke. Therefore, it is ideal to educate the population through mass media because they are more likely to encounter such information through media relative to other tools of information. Besides, patients can get information through music, fliers and posters.


Buttaro, T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar Bailey, P., & Sandberg-Cook, J. (2013). Primary care: A collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

CDC (January 30, 2017). Preventing Stroke: Healthy Living. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from> Date Accessed. January 30, 2017.

Lawrence M (2011) Secondary prevention of stroke and transient ischaemic attack. Nursing Standard. 26, 9, 41-46. Date of acceptance: March 2011

Love K. (May 18, 2014). 10 Symptoms of A Stroke. Retrieved from> Date Accessed. January 30, 2017.

NHS Choices. (2017). Stroke Prevention. Retrieved from> Date Accessed. January 30, 2017.

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