Theory, Model, Framework Mind Map

Theory, Model, Framework Mind Map

  • Characteristics of nursing theories, models and frameworks

1.1       Theories            

The work of Hogston and Marjoram (2011) defines nursing concepts as a group of interlinked ideologies laying down directions to nursing practice. According to Kim and Kollak (2006), the theories possess the following characteristics.

  • The nursing paradigms contain interrelated concepts to create multiple ways of visualizing a specific phenomenon nursing field.
  • The work of Kim and Kollak (2006) shows that the theories are logical in nature and provide meaningful suggestions to improve nursing profession.
  • The concepts are generalizable and act as the foundation of the medical field.
  • The theories act as the bases of various nursing assumptions.
  • Kim and Kollak (2006) state that the phenomenon provide insights to improve general body of knowledge within nursing discipline.
  • Practitioners employ nursing theories as a guide to improving efficiency of medical services.

1.2             Models

Nursing models have the following features:

  • According to McKenna and Slevin (2008) the models avail to nursing professionals the structure to improve delivery of care.
  • Models share the same line of ideas to nursing practice.
  • Kim and Kollak (2006) explain that the system theory act as the foundation of nursing models.
  • The models revolve around the concept of growth and change.
  • The models according to Masters (2012) have identifiable states.



           1.3         frameworks

  • Evidence based: science acts as the main source of nursing frameworks.
  • Parsimonious: includes few number of components for efficiency purposes.
  • Patient centered: focuses on establishing friendly therapeutic relationships between nurses, patients and the client families (Masters, 2012).

2.0       Relationship to nursing profession

Theories propose suggestions to improving various aspects of the nursing profession and science to ensure improved healthcare delivery (McKenna & Slevin, 2008). Models ensure legitimacy of nursing profession and science through simplification of thinking and provision of guidelines (Masters, 2012). Nursing frameworks ensure credibility of the field by availing measurements to quantify the efficiency of health care service delivery.


Hogston, R., & Marjoram, B. A. (2011). Foundations of nursing practice: Themes, concepts, and frameworks. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kim, H. S., & Kollak, I. (2006). Nursing theories: Conceptual & philosophical foundations. New York, NY: Springer Pub. Co.

Masters, K. (2012). Nursing theories: A framework for professional practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

McKenna, H. P., & Slevin, O. (2008). Nursing models, theories and practice. Oxford: Blackwell Pub.


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