Twitter on politics

The role of Twitter in the election of Donald Trump and American Politics

The role of Twitter in the election of Donald Trump in the year 2016 and American Politics

Research Question

How does spending time on twitter influence people political way of thinking and the effects that this had in the election of Trump as the president of the United States and the American politics?

Twitter on politics

The study will be about Twitter and the role it plays in politics. Most of the politicians have Twitter handles where they have dozens of followers who have a chance of reading and critically analyzing the posts of the politicians. This, therefore, has made it one of the most effective ways to reach the greatest number of followers and therefore effectively to pass the intended message at ease. Trump hates being criticized, cautioned or challenged by anyone, and whenever he had a challenged in his campaign period, he always related by doubling down his vital megaphone through Twitter. The twitter contributed to 46.1% of his vote during the 2016 elections. The comments that he made on twitter also greatly contributed to his popularity as he is a very bold politician and therefore this made him free to express his thoughts whenever he had any doubts on an issue. This was the greatest thing that made him register an increased popularity among the American people.

Twitter is rated number three on the list of the most popular social media platforms used in the United States and is also one of the most frequently used platforms globally. This, therefore, makes it one of the most effective communication channels basing this on the great level of the audience the platform holds. Politics is a mass moved arena and therefore the most effective way to communicate with people and pass the agenda one has an aspiration for a certain political position could only be effectively upheld through the most effective tool and in this case, is the twitter.

Twitter has more than 300M million members who come from different walks of life, and they include journalists, politicians, celebrities and other diverse areas. Twitter is a macro blogging service, and the people have a chance of voicing their opinion with about 140 characters for one post.

The impact that Twitter has on United States Society involves how twitter engages the world’s political sphere. This has made almost all the politicians in the United States and all over the world have twitter accounts where they intensively sell their manifesto and therefore having,  chances of,  swaying the citizen’s minds.

In the 2016 election, the candidate Hillary Clinton the Democratic nominee had a twitter account with over 15 million followers who closely followed her tweets with a chance to reply and critic whatever she posted. This, therefore, made the interaction rather closer at a personal level and therefore had a chance to easily drive a point and therefore convince the followers.

The other presidential candidate Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, had a twitter account with a double the number of followers Hillary had. The account has 30 million followers and therefore making the audience to his tweets huge as compared to his competitor. This gave him a greater audience and therefore made the message he passes to the followers effectively received.

Most of the politician and key influential personality has intensively invested in social media platforms in creating their image and promoting themselves. The more aggressive one is, and the more the logic their posts are about the area of specialization the higher the chances they have on attracting a huge crowd of followers and therefore making their message effectively passed.

Methods

The research will be carried out as a case study and will consider gathering facts about the America citizens and how frequently they interact on Twitter. This will help to know the chances that they have on receiving or coming across a political message passed on through the Twitter platform. The research will review other research that has been done by other sources about the united states politics. This analysis of the different sources will help in coming up to an effective conclusion.

Annotated bibliography

Ausserhofer, J. and Maireder, A., 2013. National politics on Twitter: Structures and topics of a networked public sphere. Information, Communication & Society, 16(3), pp.291-314.

The source discusses how politicians have taken the social platform of Twitter as a political arena where they promote their agendas and therefore making them known to the people during the campaign period. This will help in assessing what role Twitter plays and how effective it is when addressing the political issues during the elections period. It will also help show the influence the platform has on peoples way of thinking and how it can influence their decision-making process.

Bessie, A. and Ferrara, E., 2016. Social bots distort the 2016 US Presidential election online discussion.

 

The source discusses how the social media boosted the presidential elections and how it contributed to numbers by the Republican and the Democrat nominee. This shows the impact the platform has regarding the target audience and therefore showing how it can influence the crowd in a campaign period. It will help in the research as it will be used to compare the effects of different platforms and therefore assessing their effectiveness.

Golbeck, J., Grimes, J.M., and Rogers, A., 2010. Twitter use by the US Congress. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 61(8), pp.1612-1621.

The article shows how the US Congress uses the twitter when getting the public opinion as it has great audience coverage and therefore giving a bigger sample when they want to analyze a certain policy or issues before implementation. It will help to show how politics and other states affairs can be passed to the public through Twitter and how effective the message reception could be before its implementation in this research.

Jungherr, A., 2014. Twitter in politics: a comprehensive literature review. Browser Download This Paper.

Different politician has taken up to the platform when passing their political dreams and goal to the people and this source shown the people receive the different messages passed by the politicians through the social media and also the effects the messages they have in relation to influencing the vote cast during the election period as the more one drives the point, the more they become convincing enough.

Jungherr, A., 2016. Twitter use in election campaigns: A systematic literature review. Journal of information technology & politics, 13(1), pp.72-91.

The source shows how Twitter is used as a campaign tool and how effective it is as compared to the other social media platform. This is based on the great audience it has and therefore making it more effective to reach a huge customer base. The source is significant in our stud as we address the role of Twitter in the American politics as it will give a clear overview of how it influences the decision-making process.

Park, C.S., 2013. Does Twitter motivate involvement in politics? Tweeting, opinion leadership, and political engagement. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), pp.1641-1648.

The source discusses what motivations or rather the strides that the twitter platforms have in the political arena. It shows how the leaders and their subjects engage and how interesting and effective the communication gets and therefore setting the direction of the discussions and how effective they are implemented. This will help in the study as it will show how the leaders are accountable and view their subjects.

Puschmann, C. and Burgess, J., 2013. The politics of Twitter data.

This article shows how the twitter followers or rather the tweets, retweets and the replies that one has and how that influences their command in the political arena. This, therefore, makes it important in the study as it will show how the data translate to the cast ballots and therefore the influence that one has on numbers in politics through twitter.

Tumasjan, A., Sprenger, T.O., Sandner, P.G., and Welpe, I.M., 2010. Predicting elections with Twitter: What 140 characters reveal about political sentiment. Icwsm, 10(1), pp.178-185.

The source shows how elections results can be [predicted on twitter basing this on the crowd that one commands on the platform. This, therefore, shows how one can influence the people to vote for them through Twitter and therefore making it a very important platform. This also makes it very critical in our study as we address the influence that Twitter has on American politics.

Vargo, C.J., Guo, L., McCombs, M. and Shaw, D.L., 2014. Network issue agendas on Twitter during the 2012 US presidential election. Journal of Communication, 64(2), pp.296-316.

This source discusses the issues regarding the networks and the influence they had on the 2012 elections in the United States. It shows how networks can change the crowd’s way of thinking and therefore how important it is when addressing the political issues. It also shows how the social media platform is important or rather the role it plays in influencing the political wave during campaigns.

Wang, Y., Li, Y. and Luo, J., 2016, March. Deciphering the 2016 US Presidential Campaign in the Twitter-Sphere: A Comparison of the Trumpets and Clintonists. In ICWSM (pp. 723-726).

The source discusses the role twitter plaid in the 2016 presidential campaigns. The Republican and the Democrat nominee had their followers on twitter, and the source shows how the followers could have influenced the results of the elections. This, therefore, helps to link the Twitter platform and the outcome of the elections and therefore making it such an important area of study6vas per the topic under consideration

References

Ausserhofer, J. and Maireder, A., 2013. National politics on Twitter: Structures and topics of a networked public sphere. Information, Communication & Society, 16(3), pp.291-314.

Bessie, A. and Ferrara, E., 2016. Social bots distort the 2016 US Presidential election online discussion.

Golbeck, J., Grimes, J.M., and Rogers, A., 2010. Twitter use by the US Congress. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 61(8), pp.1612-1621.

Jungherr, A., 2014. Twitter in politics: a comprehensive literature review. Browser Download This Paper.

Jungherr, A., 2016. Twitter use in election campaigns: A systematic literature review. Journal of information technology & politics, 13(1), pp.72-91.

Park, C.S., 2013. Does Twitter motivate involvement in politics? Tweeting, opinion leadership, and political engagement. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), pp.1641-1648.

Puschmann, C. and Burgess, J., 2013. The politics of Twitter data.

Tumasjan, A., Sprenger, T.O., Sandner, P.G., and Welpe, I.M., 2010. Predicting elections with Twitter: What 140 characters reveal about political sentiment. Icwsm, 10(1), pp.178-185.

Vargo, C.J., Guo, L., McCombs, M. and Shaw, D.L., 2014. Network issue agendas on Twitter during the 2012 US presidential election. Journal of Communication, 64(2), pp.296-316.

Wang, Y., Li, Y. and Luo, J., 2016, March. Deciphering the 2016 US Presidential Campaign in the Twitter-Sphere: A Comparison of the Trumpets and Clintonists. In ICWSM (pp. 723-726).

 

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